Full text of "Catalog"
OF THE INTERNATIONAL
YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN
SCHOOL, Springfield, Mass.,
Commencement, Wednesday, June 13, 1906
t it LIBRARY Sir iHE
;fr ^ 1361
Admission, Requirements for 65
Association Seminar, School
Normal Practice 49, 60
Object and Policy of School
Officers and Committees
Athletics, Representation in
Bible and Religious Methods
Physical Department, Organ-
Boys' Work, Course for
Buildings and Grounds
Physical Training, History of
Physiology 40, 53
Conventions and Lectures
Degrees 20, 48, 61
Problems of a Twentieth Cen-
Exercise, Philosophy of
Recitations, Practice and Ex-
Exercise, Physiology of
Exercise, Prescription of
Religious Education, Principles
Field Work 52,
Schedule of Courses
Gymnasium Work 52, 55, 60
History of School
TWENTY-FIRST ANNUAL CATA
LOGUE OF THE INTERNATIONAL
YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSO
CIATION TRAINING SCHOOL
Founded in 1885
With Announcements for 1906-1907.
Regular meetings of the Trustees on the third Wednesdays of
September and March, and on the third Friday in June.
Annual meeting of the Corporation on the third Friday in June.
School financial year, September 1 to August 31.
January 3 — Wednesday, . . . Beginning of Winter Term.
New England Secretaries' Conference, February 27-March 2.
March 17-23, Senior Trip.
March 23 — Friday, End of Winter Term.
April 3 — Tuesday, Beginning of Spring Term.
June 10-13, Commencement.
September 26 — Wednesday, . . Beginning of Fall Term.
December 21 — Friday, End of Fall Term.
January 3 — Thursday, . . . Beginning of Winter Term.
New England Secretaries' Conference, Date to be announced.
March 16-22, Senior Trip.
March 22 — Friday, End of Winter Term.
April 2 — Tuesday, .... Beginning of Spring Term.
June 14 — Friday, Commencement.
There will be no School sessions on legal holidays.
For general information concerning the School, or for admission to the
Secretarial Course, apply to President L. L. Doggett.
Persons desiring information concerning, or admission as students to,
the Physical Course, are invited to correspond with Dr. James H. McCnrdy.
Corporators and Trustees
The names of the
Australia, N. S. W., Sydney, David Walker.
" Victoria, Melbourne, H. A. Wilcox.
Brazil, Rio Janeiro, Myron A. Clark.
" Sao Paulo, Alvaro Almeida.
France, Paris, E. Buscarlet.
Germany, Berlin, Count Andreas Bernstorff.
England, London, M. H. Hodder.
W. H. Mills.
J. H. Putterill.
Scotland, Edinburgh, R. H. Smith.
Glasgow, W. M. Oatts.
Hawaii, Honolulu, Hon. Henry Waterhouse.
Korea, Seoul, P. L. Gillett.
South Africa, Adams, Natal, George B. Cowles.
Sweden, Stockholm, Baron Edward Barnekow.
Switzerland, Geneva, Rev. Gustave Tophel.
Manitoba, Winnipeg, R. J. Whitla.
Ontario, Toronto, F. M. Pratt.
" " Thomas S. Cole.
C. M. Copeland.
" Robert Kilgonr.
Ottawa, T. D. Patton.
Ouebec, Montreal, D. A. Bridge.
" " " D. W. Ross.
F. W. Kelley.
T. E. Merritt.
C. T. Williams.
Alabama, Birmingham, James Bowron.
" " Joseph Hardie.
" New Decatur, "G. H. Winslow.
California, Pasadena, Arthur G. Merriam.
Riverside, J. George Hunter.
San Francisco, H. J. McCoy.
Colorado, Denver, Donald Fletcher.
Connecticut, Hartford, Noel H. Jacks.
" " Henry Roberts.
New Britain, F. G. Piatt.
F. D. Fagg.
New Haven, W. G. Lotze.
Waterbury, Robert S. Ross.
District of Columbia, Washington, Merrill E. Gates
" " L. L. Pierce.
" " J. A. Goodhue.
Georgia, Atlanta, W. Woods White.
Illinois, Chicago, I. E. Brown.
A. A. Stagg.
" Robert Weidensall.
Iowa, Des Moines, W. A. Magee.
" " E. D. Sampson.
Kansas, Lawrence, James Naismith.
Topeka, R. B. Gemmell.
Kentucky, Louisville, J. L. Wheat.
Louisiana, New Orleans, W. B. Abbott.
Maryland, Baltimore, W. H. Morriss.
F. A. White.
Massachusetts, Boston, R. M. Armstrong.
" " A. E. Garland.
" T. A. Hildreth.
" " Charles- A. Hopkins.
" " Arthur S. Johnson.
G. W. Mehaffcy.
" " F. W. Teague.
" Campello, Preston B. Keith.
Chicopee, James L. Pease.
Fitchburg, Frederick Fosdick.
Holyoke, C. W. Rider.
" Lynn, /. N. Smith.
" " Henry P. Emerson.
Nantucket, E. A. Lawrence.
Salem, Christian Lantz.
Somerville, George E. Day.
Springfield, Dr. W. F. Andrews.
" " Charles H. Barrows.
" " H. H. Bowman.
" J. T. Bowne.
" " Geo. D. Chamberlain.
Trustees are italicized.
Massachusetts, Springfield, Wm. Knowles Cooper.
E. H. Cutler.
L. L. Doggett.
J. L. Johnson.
Rev. D. A. Reed.
W. E. Waterbury.
A. B. Wallace.
Wilbraham, W. R. Newhall.
Michigan, Detroit, H. G. Van Tuvl.
W. H. Ball.
Missouri, Kansas City, Witten McDonald.
New Hampshire, Concord, Allen Folger.
New Jersey, Orange, L. E. Hawkins.
" C. T. Kilborne.
Plainfield C. W. McCutchen.
W. D. Murray.
" Summit, Charles B. Grant.
" Trenton, W. W. Fry.
New Voik.Addison, Burton G. Winton.
" Albanv, Clarence Valentine.
Brooklvn, F. B. Pratt.
H. L. Pratt.
C. W. Dietrich.
" Edwin F. Sec.
Buffalo, S. M. Clement.
H. L. Smith.
" Geneva, T. C. Maxwell.
" Jamestown, W. A. Keeler.
"Medina, W. A. Bowen.
" New York, Fred W. Atkinson.
T. M. Ballict. _
" " Frederick Billings.
E. W. Booth.
" " Cephas Brainerd.
" Win. T. Brown.
J. W. Cook.
" " C. C. Cuyler.
H. D. Dickson.
Rev. Tohn H. Elliot.
G. J. "Fisher.
" " F. S. Goodman.
" " David McConaughy, Jr.
" Geo. L. Mevlan.
O. C. Morse.
" " Richard C. Morse.
" " W. S. Richardson.
F. B. Schenck.^
" " J. Gardner Smith.
" " Erskine Uhl.
" " George A. Warburton.
L. D. Wishard.
" Troy, H. S. Ludlow.
No. Carolina, Davidson College, Prof. H. L. Smith.
Charlotte, F. C. Abbott.
Winston-Salem, P. M. Colbert.
Ohio, Cleveland, F. M. Barton.
A. D. Hatfield.
G. K. Shurtleff.
" Dayton, G. N. Bierce.
Pennsylvania, Erie, C. W. Davenport.
Philadelphia, TJhos. DeWitt Cuyler.
" Pittsburg, Benjamin Thaw.
" Scranton, C. H. Zehnder.
" Wilkesbarre, F. M. Kirby.
Rhode Island, Providence, W. E. Colley.
Tennessee, Chattanooga, J. B. Milligan.
Knoxville, James H. Cowan.
Texas, Dallas, A. F. Hardie.
Vermont, Burlington. W. T. Van Patten.
" Montpelier. A. J. Howe.
Virginia, Richmond, Toseph Brvan.
L. A. Coulter.
Washington, Seattle, E. C. Kilbourne.
Officers and Committees
L. L. DOGGETT, Ph. D Springfield, Mass.
C. A. HOPKINS Boston, Mass.
H. H. BOWMAN ....... Springfield, Mass.
J. T. BOWNE Springfield, Mass.
GEO. D. CHAMBERLAIN Springfield, Mass.
DR. W. F. ANDREWS Springfield, Mass.
F. G. PLATT New Britain, Conn.
H. H. BOWMAN Springfield, Mass.
W. T. BROWN New York City.
JOHN McFETHRIES Springfield, Mass.
GEO. D. CHAMBERLAIN Springfield, Mass.
J. T. BOWNE Springfield, Mass.
CHAS. H. BARROWS Springfield, Mass.
H. H. BOWMAN Springfield, Mass.
C. A. HOPKINS Boston, Mass.
PRESTON B. KEITH Campello, Mass.
Committee on Instruction
EDWIN F. SEE Brooklyn, N. Y.
W. R. NEWHALL Wilbraham, Mass.
T. M. BALLIET New York City.
J. W. COOK New York City.
R. C. MORSE . New York City.
GEO. L. MEYLAN New York City.
L. E. HAWKINS Orange, N. J.
Sub-Committee on Physical Course
T. M. BALLIET New York City.
R. C. MORSE New York City.
GEO. L. MEYLAN New York City.
JAMES H. McCURDY, Secretary .... Springfield, Mass.
Members of the Faculty
L. L. Doggett, Ph. D., President; History and Literature of the Young
Men's Christian Association, Methods of Religious Work,
60 Northampton Avenue.
A. B., Oberlin College, 1886; assistant state secretary Ohio Young Men's Chris-
tian Associations, 1888; student Union Seminary, 1889; B. D., Oberlin Theological
Seminary, 1890; A. M., Oberlin College, 1890; general secretary town Young
Men's Christian Association, Oberlin, 1890; assistant state secretary Ohio Young
Men's Christian Associations, 1890-93; Ph. D., Leipsic University, 1895; state secre-
tary Ohio Yonng Men's Christian Associations, 1895-96; president International
Young Men's Christian Association Training School, Springfield, Mass., 1896 — ;
author "History of the Young Men's Christian Association," Vol. I., 1896; "His-
tory of the Boston Young Men's Christian Association," 1901; "Life of Robert R.
J. T. Bowne; Librarian and Instructor in Association Methods,
121 Northampton Avenue.
In business, 1863-77; secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Hudson,
N. Y., 1877-78; assistant secretary Brooklyn Association, 1878-80; secretary New-
burgh, N. Y., Association, 1880-83 ; in charge of Secretarial Bureau of International
Committee, New York City, 1883-85; instructor and librarian Training School,
Springfield, Mass., 1885 — ; founder Historical Library of the American Young
Men's Christian Associations, 1877; founder of the Secretaries Insurance Alliance,
1889; joint editor of "Association Handbook," 1887-92; author "Decimal Classifica-
tion for Association Publications," 1891; joint author "Decimal Classification for
Physical Training," 1901.
F. N. Seerley, B. Ph., M. D. ; Anatomy, Psychology, and Personal
Evangelism 180 Westford Avenue.
General secretary Young Men's Christian Association, Iowa City, Iowa, 1883-85;
general secretary Davenport, Iowa, Association, 1886-87; general secretary Osh-
kosh. Wis., Association, 1888-89; student Training School, Springfield, Mass., 1889-
90; instructor Training School, 1890 — ; M. D., State University, Vermont, 1891;
B. Ph., State University, Iowa, 1896; student Clark University Summer School
three years; physical examiner and medical adviser Mount Hermon School,
1894 — ; physical examiner Wilbraham Academy, 1896 — : physical examiner Mon-
son Academy, 1902 — ; member Springfield Board of Educition, 1896 — ; editor
Association Seminar, 1901 — ; student in nsychology at University of Paris and
physical director Paris Young Men's Christian Association, 1903-04.
H. M. Burr, B. A., B. D. ; Christian History and Sociology,
250 Alden Street.
B. A., Amherst College, 1885; B. D., Hartford Theological Seminary, 1888;
assistant pastor of First Church, Lowell, Mass., 1899; pastor Park Church,
Springfield, Mass., 1890-92; instructor in Training School, 1892 — ; post-graduate
work in sociology, economics, and psychology at Columbia University, 1897.
J. H. McCurdy, M. D. ; Physiology, Physiology of Exercise, Director of
Gymnastics and Athletics .... 308 Eastern Avenue.
Assistant secretary, Bangor, Me., 1887; physical director, Auburn, Me., 1888;
student Training School, 1889-90; athletic and aquatic director New York City
Association, 1891-94; M. D., New York University, 1893; physical and medical di-
rector Twenty-third Street Branch Association, New York City, 1893-95; instructor
Training School, 1895 — ; graduate student in physiology of exercise, Harvard Medi-
cal School, 1896 and 1900; lecturer on physiology of exercise and on bibliographical
methods in physical training, Harvard Summer School, 1903; joint author "Deci-
mal Classification for Physical Training." 1901; member of the American Society
for Research in Physical Education, and of the Physical Directors' Society of the
Young Men's Christian Association of North America; author "Bibliography of
Physical Training," 1905 ; editor "American Physical Education Review."
W. G. Ballantine, D. D., LL. D. ; The Bible, 321 St. James Avenue.
A. B., Marietta College, 1868; A. M., 1874; graduate Union Theological Semi-
nary, New York, 1872; student University of Leipsic, 1872-73; D. D., Marietta
college, 1885; LL. D., Western Reserve University, 1891; assistant engineer Amer-
ican Palestine Exploring Expedition, 1873; professor of chemistry and natural
science, Ripon College, 1874-76; assistant professor of Greek, Indiana University,
1876-78; professor of Greek and Plebrew, Oberlin Theological Seminary, 1878-81;
professor of Old Testament language and literature, 1881-91; president Oberlin
College, 1891-96; instructor Training School, 1897 — ; author of "Inductive Logic"
and "Inductive Bible Studies," published by the International Committee Young
Men's Christian Associations.
Wm. W. Hastings, Ph. D. ; Anthropometry, History and Philosophy of
Physical Training 1086 State Street.
A. B., Maryville College, 1886; secretary Young Men's Christian Association,
Maryville, Tenn., 1887-88; graduate Union Theological Seminary, 1891; graduate
student New York University, 1889-91; assistant secretary Student Volunteer
Movement for Foreign Missions, 1890-91; graduate student Union Theological
Seminary and Columbia University, 1891-92; first assistant secretary Twenty-
third Street Branch Association, New York City, 1892; representative Interna-
tional Committee of Young Men's Christian Associations, Mexico, 1892; A. M.,
Maryville College, 1893; A. M., Haverford College, 1894; master Haverford Col-
lege Grammar School, 1894-95; Ph. D., Haverford College, 1896; graduate Train-
ing School, 1897; adjunct professor of physiology and hygiene, and head of the
department of physical training, University of Nebraska, 1897-1900; instructor
Training School, 1901 — ; author of "Manual for Physical Measurements"; "A
Series of Anthropometric Tables for All Ages"; "Card System of Physical
Examinations"; "Gymnasium Handbook."
Elmer Berry, B. S. ; Physics, Chemistry, Physiology, Gymnastics and
Athletics 154 Alden Street.
B. S., University of Nebraska, 1901; student assistant Physical Department
University of Nebraska, 1899-1901; second lieutenant Nebraska University Cadets.
1901; graduate Training School, Springfield, Mass., 1902; Fellow Training School,
1903; assistant instructor Training School, 1903-04; instructor Training School.
1904 — ; editor "A Manual of Marching."
Mrs. Carolyn D. Doggett, M. A. . .60 Northampton Avenue.
A. B., Oberlin College, 1890; M. A.,Wellesley College, 1893; Leipsic University,
graduate work in English, 1894-95; instructor in Greek and general history, Pike
Seminary, Pike, N. Y., 1885-88; principal Women's Department and professor
English literature and English history, Washburn College, Topeka, Kan., 1893-94;
instructor English literature, Training School, 1898 — .
Jean Marius Gelas
Moniteur, Ecole de Joint-Ville-le-Pont, Paris, 1899-1901 ; instructor,
Phillips Andover Academy and Milton Academy, 1902 — ; instructor,
Boston Normal School of Gymnastics, St. Paul's School, and Inter-
national Young Men's Christian Association Training School, 1903 — .
P. K. Holmes, Graduate '06 .... 115 Alden Street.
Student Assistant Gymnastics, Athletics
F. J. Gray, '06 Dormitory Building.
Student Assistant Gymnastics, Athletics
W. F. Cobb, '06 Dormitory Building.
Student Assistant Gymnastics, Athletics
A. W. Hendrian, '07 Dormitory Building.
Student Assistant Gymnastics, Athletics
G. P. Peckham, '06 Dormitory Building.
Student Assistant Gymnastics, Athletics
R. D. Purinton, '06 Dormitory Building.
Dr. C. E. Street . 2 Maple Street.
W. E. Cann New Britain, Conn.
J. F. Simons, '00 154 Alden Street.
Mrs. A. B. Rey Woods Hall.
Holmes, Percy Kendall P Yarmouth, N. S.
Beckett, William H. J.
Buckland, Sanford Burton
Cobb, Walter Frank
Day, Louis Everett
Giles, Walter Arthur
Goldsmith, Albert Lyman
Goodwin, Carl Henry
Gray, Frank Justus
Hamilton, Harry H., B. A.
Hawkes, Walter Lemuel
Lawson, J. Herric
Marks, Oscar V.
Mason, Appleton Adams
Peckham, George Popple
Pereira, Antonio R. S.
Piatt, Frederic Gamwell
Prettyman, Albert Ira
Purinton, Royce Davis
Seller, Joseph Tennyson
Seybolt, Francis Emmet
Smith, Frank Drake
Smith, Herbert Stanley
Storey, John William
Thompson, Harry James
Tucker, Raymond Delos
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Rome N Y
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Troy, N. H.
Clifton Forge, Va.
Newport, R. I.
Rio Janeiro, Brazil.
Lisbon Falls, Me.
North Sydney, C. B.
Brooklyn, N. Y.
Anagance, N. B.
Paterson, N. J.
Middle Class (1907)
Anguish, J. Lancelot S London, Ont.
Baker, Clarence P Cedar Falls, la.
Briggs, Arthur Warren P Salem, Mass.
Brown, Milo Frederic S Whitehall, N. Y
Burgess, Frank E.
Buttrose, William Frederick
Adelaide, So. Australia.
Carrell. Henry Gustavus
Morristown, N. J.
*Dodge, Arthur Roswell
Foster, Bailey Bancroft
Brooklyn, N. Y.
Greenwood, John Henry
Hendrian, August William
Kern, Carl Benton
Kirkpatrick, Thomas Bruce
Morrison, Paul Knight
Nicholson, Burton Matthew
Petitcodiac, N. B.
Quick, George Washington
New York City.
Ratthei, Edward Arthur
Pawtucket, R. I.
Reichardt, Paul Herman
Brooklyn, N. Y.
Reinhardt, Henry Horl
Orange, N. J.
Roberts, Richmond Grout
Shean, Chauncey Clark
Warfield, Orson Edwin
Werner, Edward August
Wood, Milton Darke
W right, Joseph Samuel, M. Di.
Cedar Falls, la.
Young, William James
Junior Class (1908)
Adams, George Henry
Addicks, Fred Jeurgens
Burke, Marshall Andrew
Conklin, Edmund Smith
New Britain, Conn.
Cook, Harry Alexander
Crispin, George, Jr.
Cunningham, Everett Carleton
Draper, George Orrin
Duncan, Egerton Wright
Flower, Russell Sheldon
Freeman, Judson Pattie
Brookfield, N. S.
Gould, Allison Almon
Rome, N. Y.
Greenwood, Hiram James
Honhart, Frederick Louis
Kilbourne, Charles John
Rome, N. Y.
*Kirkland, Isaac Arthur
*Lerchen, Edward Henry, Jr.
Lockwood, Claud Angevine
McGuire, Henry Ogden
McNicol, Donald William
North, Donald Christopher
Pratt, George Charles
Prentice, Harper Howland
Roberts, Ralph Waldo
Robbins, Bradford Hilton
Russell, Robert Wharton
Simmons, Arthur Mason
Stilmar, Louis Henry
Strohm, Geo. R.
*Stock, George Edward
Twichell, Henry Sessions
Voshall, Charles Elmer
Warr, Walter Hopps
Wood, Leon Ellsworth,
P Detroit, Mich.
S Battle Creek, Mich.
P Montreal, Can.
S Winnipeg, Man.
P London, England.
S Minneapolis, Minn.
S Berkshire, N. Y.
S Newburyport, Mass.
P Yarmouth, N. S.
S Winnipeg, Man.
P Fall River, Mass.
S Geneva, N. Y.
P Topeka, Kan.
P Springfield, Mass.
S Brookfield, Mass.
P Cleveland, Ohio.
P Fall River. Mass.
S Clinton, Mass.
S Secretarial Course.
P Physical Course.
* Partial Course.
The Training School equips young men for the offices of Gen-
eral Secretary, Physical Director, Educational Director and
Director of Boys' Work in the Young Men's Christian Associa-
tion. It prepares Christian young men for the physical director-
ship in schools, academies, colleges, and public playgrounds.
Young: men are also admitted who desire to fit themselves for
Christian work in social settlements, and among boys in boys'
clubs and other organizations.
There are two conceptions of a technical school. One, that the
instructors shall be men who, though devoting their chief energy
to the work of their profession, are willing to take part of their
time to meet students and direct their study. This method of
imparting instruction was formerly almost universal. It has been
very generally abandoned. In the trades, it was called the appren-
tice system. Young men were bound out to master workmen of
varying degrees of ability, who taught them simply to do as their
fathers had done. This has been succeeded in Europe, and more
recently in America, by the trades schools and industrial institutes,
which not only teach better, but are constantly leading in im-
proved methods of work. In the professions the development has
been almost parallel. Formerly a student of law, medicine, or
divinity was placed under the charge of a member of the profes-
sion he was seeking to enter. The lawyer directed the reading of
the law student, took him to court, and otherwise guided his work.
But this method of professional preparation has been abandoned
in Europe, and is fast passing here. It has been found that
preparation for a life work is of such vital moment that it cannot
be left to the casual hours of men who give their chief thought
and energy elsewhere.
But more important than this, the most successful schools are
those which devote the greatest care to fundamental studies and
principles, and only give actual work sufficient to illustrate these
principles and secure the necessary skill. A man will have oppor-
tunity to gain experience all his life, but he is not likely to master
the principles of his calling after entering upon it. Actual ex-
perience gives precedents rather than guiding principles. This
higher conception of a technical institution is a historical de-
The International Training School is built upon such a concep-
tion, and its history has already shown the wisdom of this policy.
The leadership of the School in physical training and in work
among boys, and its contributions to Association literature and
methods, have given it a prominent place. In its early days, the
trustees were compelled to employ men who gave only part of their
time to teaching. It has greatly increased the efficiency of the
School to have a faculty of specialists who devote their whole en-
deavor to its interests. Much of the original investigation done at
the School appears in its publication, "The Association Seminar."
While the Training School offers the advantage to its students
of a faculty of specialists giving their whole time to instruction,
it also brings to the students the leading experts in various phases
of Association endeavor, who give courses of lectures and instruc-
tion on the most up-to-date developments in Association work
among young men.
One of the most important parts of a student's education is
fellowship and contact with fellow students who are to enter the
same profession. Dormitory life at Springfield furnishes an ad-
mirable opportunity in this respect. Student friendships, the
meetings in the literary societies, student prayer meetings, and
various organizations, make a community life which forms an
important part of an education.
The Training School has always recognized its obligations to
further the interests of the Young Men's Christian Associations
by an original study of the problems presented by work among
young men and boys. This is a rich field for research and investi-
gation. There is scarcely one of the technical courses of the
curriculum but has been largely produced by the instructor, or
modified to adapt it to this particular field.
This year completes the twenty-first in the history of the Inter-
national Training School. The rapid extension of the Association
movement between 1870 and 1885, the erection of large buildings,
and the marked increase in the size of individual Associations
created a demand for trained men as officers. Assistant secretary-
ships, conferences, and general conventions were the first means
of training. Afterwards candidates were sent to various secre-
taries for personal training. About 1879, arrangements were made
by the International Committee and the state committee of Penn-
sylvania, to have candidates for the secretaryship visit the Asso-
ciation at Harrisburg, Pa., for a period of from two to four weeks,
that they might gain some practical acquaintance with methods of
work. Twenty-six men visited this Association during the next
three years. In June, 1880, Newburgh, N. Y., was made a training
station, where Mr. J. T. Bowne was general secretary. Sixty-
eight men visited this Association. During this period Pough-
keepsie and Yonkers, N. Y., and Peoria, 111., were also added to
the list of training stations. In addition to the growing demand
for men there was a corresponding advance in requirements.
It was in response to such appeals that this institution was
founded by Rev. David Allen Reed, in Springfield, Mass., in 1885,
in connection with the School for Christian Workers. Mr. J. T.
Bowne, who had become one of the secretaries of the International
Committee, was called to take charge of the secretarial department.
In 1886 the department for physical training was established under
the direction of Dr. Luther Halsey Gulick. This department has
prepared a large proportion of the physical directors now in Asso-
ciation work. In 1890, as the result of a demand from the Asso-
ciations, the Training School was separately incorporated as the
International Young Men's Christian Association Training School.
The following year a desirable property, consisting of thirty acres
of ground bordering on Massasoit Lake, was purchased, and after
a heroic effort, led by Mr. Oliver C. Morse, corresponding secre-
tary of the School, funds were secured for a model gymnasium and
athletic field. The pressing need of a dormitory and recitation
hall was met by the erection, in 1895, of the present attractive
headquarters of the institution. In the summer of 1904, through
the generosity of Mrs. Eleanor S. Woods, of Springfield, a most
attractive social building, containing a dining hall, social rooms,
and additional dormitory facilities, was erected and equipped at a
cost of $20,000. The School has a property valued at $150,000.
With this external development there has been a less public but
even more important internal evolution. A carefully shaped curric-
ulum, extending through a three years' course, and a competent
faculty of specialists is the result.
The course of study as at first arranged covered two years.
During 1895 this was extended to three years. This course aims
to accomplish two things : First, to equip every student who comes
to the International Training School to be a leader in religious
work for boys or young men ; second, to give him a technical
knowledge of the work he expects to undertake in the Young
Men's Christian Association.
The institution stands for the most thorough specialization
accompanied with a generous liberal training. It would fit the
student for something definite, and at the same time give him a
view of the broader fields of human culture. It seeks both cul-
ture and power. In planning for the special studies for the various
offices of the Young Men's Christian Association, the trustees have
held the conviction that the aim of the institution should be to in-
culcate general principles rather than precedents or rules ; for
example, the School aims to make men masters of the contents of
the Scriptures rather than to give two or three courses which
might be reproduced in an Association. It aims to make men who
can produce their own Bible courses.
It is remarkable in the technical courses how far the curriculum
has gone beyond simply the study of methods. Methods have not
only held their place, but cover a far larger sphere than at first.
The course has also advanced to study principles as already de-
scribed. In recent years a scientific study has been undertaken of
boys and young men — their habits, aptitudes, temptations, eco-
nomic standing and religious life. In sociology extended studies
have been made among the young men and boys of Springfield
regarding their economic and religious condition.
Since its inception, this institution has stood for the study of
humanics. It has recognized the threefold nature of man —
body, mind and spirit. This conception furnishes a philosophy for
its curriculum. It is a guiding principle which gives unity and
symmetry to its work. The four liberal studies pursued are his-
tory, social economics, English and the study of the human mind.
A preparatory course in English, mathematics, and history is
offered for students who are deficient in entrance requirements for
these subjects, though students who are deficient in all three
should secure this preparation elsewhere.
The Training School has stood for a high type of manliness
in athletics. It has been an earnest advocate of clean sport and
gentlemanliness on the athletic field and on the gymnasium floor.
In response to a petition from the board of trustees which was
signed by a number of the leading educators of Massachusetts, the
legislature has granted the Training School a charter, giving the
right to confer degrees.
The degree prescribed for the secretarial course is Bachelor of
Humanics (B. H.). This is in recognition of the student having
completed a thorough study of man — physically, socially, intellect-
ually and spiritually.
For the physical course will be given the degree of Bachelor of
Physical Education (B. P. E.), in recognition of the student
having completed a thorough course in physical training.
For graduate work will be given the degrees of Master of
Humanics (M. H.) and Master of Physical Education (M. P. E.).
The Training School offers a two years' course of study to col-
lege graduates in the secretarial and physical courses. The
Young Men's Christian Association offers an inviting career for
men with a college education, and in schools and colleges there is
an increasing demand for well equipped physical directors. The
impression has prevailed among some that a college education
without additional training is adequate for success in the general
secretaryship or the physical directorship. This is not justified by
experience. During the five years, 1896-1900, two hundred and
twenty-one college graduates entered the service of the Young
Men's Christian Association as secretaries or physical directors,
or in other positions. By January 1, 1903, sixty-six per cent, or
all but seventy-five of these men, had dropped out of Association
service. Of these two hundred and twenty-one, one hundred and
ten entered the work as general secretaries or assistant secretaries.
On the first of January, 1903, only twenty-six per cent, or twenty-
nine men, remained in these positions. In other words, scarcely
one fourth of the college graduates who entered city Association
service during this period were found in the work five years later.
On the other hand, seventy-three per cent of the graduates of the
secretarial course at the Training School during these years, 1896-
1900, have served five or more years as general secretaries or as-
sistant secretaries. It is important that in addition to study in col-
lege, a man should have a thorough training in methods of Asso-
ciation work, in the study of the Bible, and in the history and liter-
ature of the Association. He should also make a systematic study
of the physical, mental, social, and religious characteristics of boys
and young men. He should be trained as a religious leader, and
should become a specialist in the great questions regarding young
men and boys.
Physical training offers to the college graduate the advantages
of a comparatively new profession. The increase in the number of
positions in Associations, preparatory schools, and colleges during
the last fifteen years has been very great. There is also increasing
demand for physical directors in the city schools. The Asso-
ciations, schools, and colleges are searching for men of moral
earnestness and Christian character, who have the necessary tech-
nical knowledge and executive ability. The present demand far
exceeds the supply.
The need of technical training for physical directors is clearly
shown by the fact that only nineteen per cent of the non-trained
men, or of those who enter through an apprenticeship, succeed.
Of the college graduates entering the physical directorship without
technical preparation, about twenty-three per cent succeed, while
eighty-six per cent of the Training School graduates are suc-
Buildings and Grounds
The institution has been provided with a property admirably
idapted to its purpose, located on the shores of Massasoit Lake.
The school campus and athletic grounds consist of thirty acres of
land, within fifteen minutes' ride of the Central Young Men's
The dormitory building, which at present is used also for
recitations, library, and offices, is an attractive four-story brick
structure, overlooking the lake. The first floor contains the lec-
ture hall, the parlor, known as the "Jubilee Room," the reading
room, library and offices.
The three upper floors contain two classrooms and sleeping
rooms for sixty-eight students. Each floor is provided with lava-
tories and baths. In the basement there is provision for chemical,
physical and anatomatical laboratories, a bicycle room and store-
room, beside the furnace and engine rooms.
The Training School possesses a model gymnasium, given by
four of its friends, Col. Charles A. Hopkins, Preston B. Keith,
Benjamin Thaw, and Roland P. Hazard now deceased. The gym-
nasium floor is forty-eight by seventy-four feet, free from posts,
having the usual apparatus, and in addition, handball courts, class
climbing ropes, seven needle baths with hot and cold water, lock-
ers eighteen by eighteen by forty-eight inches with combination
locks. It also contains two classrooms, examining rooms, the
physiological laboratory, massage room, and locker room and
baths for club purposes.
The International Training .School, following the ideal of the
Young Men's Christian Association, seeks to train its students
socially, physically, intellectually and spiritually. For some years
one of the friends of the institution in Springfield, Mrs. E. S.
Woods, had observed the need of greater social opportunities for
the School. As a result of this conviction, she erected on the
campus a social building, which has become a center of student
life. The central feature of Woods Hall is a dining room attrac-
tively equipped, with accommodations for one hundred and twenty-
five or more guests. The social parlor, with its piano and cozy
corners, makes a homelike place for the students. The second
floor is given over to dormitory rooms. Many of the social occa-
sions of the year are held in this building.
Training School Gymnastic Team, 1905.
Adjoining the gymnasium, six acres have been set apart for
athletic purposes. This has been equipped with a ball field, quar-
ter-mile running and bicycle track, and tennis courts. As the
number of students increased, it has been necessary also to use for
athletic purposes the grounds on the north side of Alclen Street,
covering fourteen acres. Football and baseball teams are trained
on these grounds, and they are used for other athletic work.
The athletic field near the gymnasium is flooded during the win-
ter for skating and ice hockey.
THE WASHINGTON GLADDEN BOATHOUSE
Through the efforts of the students and the generous gift of
Mr. Frank Beebe of Holyoke, a boathouse was erected in the
fall of 1901, on the borders of Massasoit Lake. This boathouse
is equipped with a fine fleet of boats. Massasoit Lake, which is
two miles in length, furnishes an admirable opportunity for train-
ing in aquatics. The aquatic sports carried on by the students
during Commencement week are an interesting feature.
The School possesses three laboratories : The oldest, a labora-
tory for the study of physiological physics and chemistry, gives
special attention to the study of the chemistry of digestion and the
mechanics of the body. The physiological laboratory, for the study
of physiology of exercise, is equipped with ergographs, sphygmo-
graphs, sphygnomanometers, pneumographs, etc. Progress has
been made in the study of blood pressure and the effects of fatigue.
The laboratory for histology is equipped with microscopes and a
solar projection apparatus, which enables the entire class to do
work in common.
The library has become one of the most important features of
the life of the School. No other department of the institution has
increased more rapidly during recent years. More than 7,500 vol-
umes are contained in the School library and upwards of 20,000
pamphlets and magazines bearing upon the subjects taught in the
The School is the custodian of the Historical Library of the
American Young Men's Christian Associations, which is the
largest collection in existence of books, pamphlets, and manu-
scripts bearing especially upon work for young men and boys. It
contains some 60,000 pamphlets and other publications. This
furnishes to both students and faculty sources for extended oris:-
inal study of work for young men and boys.
The institution also possesses the Gulick Collection of works
on physical training, which is being added to from year to year.
This is one of the choicest collections on physical training in
English, and furnishes opportunity for original work.
The reference library is open to the students at all times, and
the lending section from 9 a. m. to 6 p. m. The reading room,
always open, has on file six dailies, eighteen weeklies, sixty-five
monthlies, and nine quarterlies.
The general library is supported by income from "The Mary R.
Searle Memorial Fund," and from current gifts of alumni, stu-
dents and friends. Four hundred and seventy-two volumes were
added last year at an expense of $597.
The Springfield Public Library of 159,000 volumes, one of the
great circulating libraries of the country, is at the service of the
students without expense.
The School is located in the Connecticut Valley in one of the
most beautiful American cities, in close touch with some of the
leading educational institutions of the East.
In no part of the world are there so many highly developed
Young Men's Christian Associations as in the eastern section of
the United States. The proximity of New York City with its
varied work for young men, international, state and local, fur-
nishes an opportunity to see all forms of Association activity in
operation. The annual tour by the Senior class, and the frequent
visits of Association leaders, bring the student during the three
years of his course into vital touch with the most aggressive phases
of the Association movement. The New England Secretaries'
Conference meets annually at the Training School, and opportuni-
Springfield Railroad Building.
ties occur each year for attending conventions. The churches of
Springfield gladly welcome the services of the students in Bible
teaching, and in various forms of Christian work. The summer
conferences at Northfield are within easy reach to students.
The International Training School stands for the most thorough
practical as well as theoretical training. The opportunities for
participating in the various phases of work for young men and
boys are abundant. In the city of Springfield, with a population
of over 72,000 people, a strong Association work has been de-
veloped on the metropolitan basis. The organization includes a
Central Branch, two Railroad Branches, and two Student Asso-
ciations. The Central Branch is located in the heart of the city, in
a modern building, and has twelve hundred members. The work
is developed symmetrically. Special mention should be made here-
of the Boys' Department, with 350 members ; and the newly organ-
ized Industrial Department, which is reaching large numbers of
The Springfield Railroad Branch has recently entered its new
$20,000 building. Its work is among one thousand railway men
employed in the three lines which pass through the city. An
excellent opportunity is here afforded the students to participate
in a modern, progressive railroad department. This railroad
branch has the honor of being the oldest in New England, and
was the first to provide rest rooms for railroad men. The new
building is equipped with three Brunswick bowling alleys, two
pool tables, four needle and shower baths, twenty-eight separate
furnished rooms, ten rest rooms, also reading room, social and
educational rooms, assembly hall, kitchen, parlor and secretary's
The West Side Railroad Branch is located in the roundhouse,
on the west side of the Connecticut River; and here a well-
developed work is conducted without adequate equipment. Rented
rooms on the main street are used for social work. This branch
may be considered an important factor in this growing railroad
The students of the Training School are organized as a Student
Association and officially connected with the brotherhood. The
students of the French-American College are also organized as
a branch of the Association, and a most effective religious work
is being done.
The Holyoke Association has one of the finest buildings and
gymnasiums in Western Massachusetts, and has a membership of
nearly 1,200. Large educational and Bible study work is main-
tained, and Sunday meetings are carried on on a strictly evangel-
istic basis. The boys' department maintains a secretary, the most
modern methods being employed. This was one of the first de-
partments to organize a shop Bible class among boys. Seventy-
five men serve on committees. Aggressive work is being con-
ducted for men in the mills and factories.
The Westfield Association was organized in 1888, incorporated
in 1891, built a three-story brick building, at a cost of $25,000, in
1900, and added a $5,000 gymnasium and bowling alleys in 1902.
The present membership is two hundred. Aside from the regular
work for boys who are members, the Association is taking up a
special work for street boys. Educational and Bible study classes
are also conducted. The gymnasium work is well developed.
The students and faculty, through prayer meetings, chapel ex-
ercises, and the study of the Bible, strive to maintain an earnest,
religious life in the institution. The week of prayer for young
men in November, and the day of prayer for colleges, are ob-
served. Speakers of special power in inspiring students are in-
vited from time to time to visit the School. There is a spirit of
mutual helpfulness and brotherliness among the young men which
is a means of real religious training. A series of addresses for the
deepening of the spiritual life has been given this year by Prof.
George L. Robinson of the McCormick Theological Seminary.
The Association Seminar
This publication aims to give an independent, up-to-date, scien-
tific treatment of the problems of young manhood — spiritual,
social, intellectual and physical. It publishes the original work
which is being done by faculty and students. Problems of interest
and importance in the Association are considered from the educa-
tional standpoint — such contributions regarding Association
events, outlook, policy, and problems as would naturally come
from an educational center. The Seminar also contains Training
School notes. It records what is going on at the institution and
among the alumni, and aims to keep all those who are interested
in touch with School life.
The subscription price is $1.00. The editor in chief is Dr. F. N.
Seerley, who is assisted by other members of the faculty. The
business manager is Miss Isabel A. Richardson.
SENIOR MIDDLE JUNIOR
±*L L4.ll I V_i IJtXl
SENIOR MIDDLE JUNIOR
Phil, of Ph.
Phy. of Ex
Pres. of Ex
*No. of hours per week.
While the Training School offers two courses of study, — the secretarial
and the physical, — there are a group of fundamental subjects common to
both courses, which for convenience are here grouped under the title
of the General Course. This course embraces studies which underlie the
work of an Association officer. Based upon the General Course are the
two technical courses, which give a knowledge and training for the par-
ticular department of work which the student expects to enter.
I. General Course
L. L. Doggett, President; Association History, Methods of Religious
F. N. Seerley ; Psychology, and Personal Work.
H. M. Burr; Christian History.
W. G. Ballantine ; The Bible.
W. W. Hastings; English.
The General Course, which forms the foundation of the curriculum, seeks
to fit students to be leaders in spiritual work. It seeks to train each stu-
dent to lead young men to Jesus Christ, and to teach the Bible. It aims
to acquaint him with the Young Men's Christian Association and its field.
It also seeks to broaden his intellectual horizon, to promote mental dis-
cipline, and to familiarize him with" the problems which a leader in Chris-
tian work will meet in practical life. It falls into six divisions : 1. The
Bible Course. 2. History. 3. Psychology. 4. English. 5. Conventions and
Lectures. 6. Graduate Work. All students in the Junior and Middle years
receive instruction in gymnastics and athletics, described on pages 52 and
54. All students also take the course in physical department methods,
described on page 59.
1. The Bible and Religious Methods
(1) The Bible. (Dr. Ballantine, Junior and Middle years, five hours
per week.) An essential of spiritual leadership is a knowledge of the
Scriptures. This is fundamental in the preparation for any position in the
Association. It is the aim of the institution that every student who enters
its ranks shall gain a knowledge of the Bible, and it is believed that the
course here offered will prove attractive, not only to men who are pre-
paring, but to men already in the service who may desire special Bible
study. Two years are devoted to a study of the text, one being given to
the Old Testament and one to the New Testament. The student is ex-
pected to read each book in accordance with the directions of the instructor,
to recite upon its facts and ideas in the classroom, and to take notes of
familiar lectures upon it. There are no formal lectures upon Biblical
introduction and theology, but the topics commonly treated under those
heads are incidentally brought to the student's attention while he is engaged
upon the several books inductively. By the method used, the student gains
from his own investigations a direct and comprehensive knowledge of each
book in the Bible and of each Testament as a whole. The main outline of
the progress of Hebrew civilization and history, and of divine revelation,
is fixed in his mind. He attains a knowledge not of proof texts, but of
connected series of events and inspired arguments, and chains of thought.
In the unity of a total impression, the strength of every part is assured.
In this way not only are the contents of the Scriptures mastered, but the
mind is trained in the preparation of gospel addresses, etc., and the inner
spiritual life is quickened through the truth. It will be readily seen that
this instruction does not aim to give courses that can be reproduced in the
local Associations, but to give a comprehensive study of the entire body of
the Scriptures, which will enable the student to lay out courses himself as
may be necessary and equip him to be a teacher of the Bible. The attention
of students desiring to fit themselves for instructors in the English Bible in
colleges and schools is called to this course. It is believed to be unsur-
passed in the thorough mastery it gives of the contents of the Scriptures.
Arrangements are being made the coming year for a series of lectures
on the Bible, particularly from the devotional point of view, which will be
calculated to quicken the spiritual lives of the students.
This course of lectures for the present year was given by Prof. George L.
Robinson of the McCormick Theological Seminary.
(2) The Training Classes and Methods of Religious Work. (Dr.
Doggett, Senior year, two hours per week. Dr. Seerley, Middle year, one
hour per week.) These classes have an intimate relation to the practical
Christian work of the students. During the Middle year, the class studies
the interviews of Jesus. The great questions of regeneration and the use
of the Bible with the unsaved form the chief subject of this study. This
course accompanies the study of psychology, and is a study of the laws of
mind as used by Jesus in his dealing with men.
In the Senior year two hours per week are given to the subject of re-
ligious pedagogy. Attention is given to the preparation of gospel addresses,
Bible studies, and the best methods of teaching Bible classes. Normal
classes are held in Bible teaching, following the text book prepared by
Mr. Edwin F. See of Brooklyn. Students visit and report not only upon
the Bible class work done in the city of Springfield, but upon the work done
in the various departments of the public schools. Each student teaches a
class and is criticised by the instructor.
Addresses before the class this year have been given by Mr. F. S. Good-
man of New York City, Mr. H. E. Dodge of Warren, Pa., and Mr. C H.
Hardy, physical director, Springfield, Mass.
(1) The History of Christianity and Christian Civilisation. (Professor
Burr, Senior year, five hours per week.) It is the aim of this course to
familiarize the student with the great movements in the development of
Christianity and Christian civilization. The first term is devoted to the
study of early and medieval Christianity, the second term to the Refor-
mation and the Protestant movement in Europe, and the third term to the
movement in America and the history of missions.
The work is carried on by lectures, carefully prepared courses of read-
ing, and text books for special periods and topics. Special emphasis is laid
on the courses of reading and topical study, so that the student becomes
familiar with the masterpieces of historical literature. Recent additions to
the department of history in the School library facilitate the work of this
Students are expected to own "The History of the Christian Church,"
by Professor Fisher.
(2) Association History and Literature. (Dr. Doggett, Senior year,
three hours per week.) The aim of this course is to acquaint all students
with the history and development of this great movement. Careful atten-
tion is given to the forces in the church, and the conditions of social life
which made such a movement necessary. The Association is studied, not
as a local or national, but as a world-wide endeavor. In the first period,
1844 to 1855, especial attention is given to the London work and its forma-
tive influence. In the second period, 1855 to 1878, recognition of the leader-
ship of the American work requires especial attention to the movement
on this continent. In the third period, 1878 to the present time, more atten-
tion is given to the spread- of the movement throughout the world. This
course studies the development of the Association, its organization and
polity, its literature, and the fixed principles which govern its operation
and its relation to the church.
Students are expected to read and review the more important works
which the leaders of the Young Men's Christian Association have produced.
(Dr. Seerley, Middle year, three terms, four hours per week.) This
course occupies a full year, and is taken by all Middlers. The human
mind is complex, and the aim is to study it from many view points, keep-
ing constantly in mind the work for which the student is preparing.
(1) Physiological Psychology. The course opens with a study of the
nervous system. The brains of animals are dissected so the student may
become acquainted with every part, and also demonstrate their relations.
Sections of the entire human brain are available which have proven very
helpful in studying the gross structure. The microscopes and micro-pro-
jection apparatus enable the student to study the minute structure of every
part as revealed in the many variously prepared and stained micro-
scopic slides of the central nervous system. This is followed by a study
of the special senses, their rise and development, their structure, their func-
tion, and their localized culture in the central nervous system. A large
number of laboratory experiments fixes the range of each special sense, as
well as calls attention to the many illusions which are liable to occur. The
modern theory of localization of brain centers receives careful attention,
with the latest applications.
(2) Genetic Psychology. This is a course in the psychology of the child
with special reference to the laws of mental development. The seminary
method is largely used, and each student is assigned individual work which
is later presented to the class. This gives him the practice of searching for
information from original sources, and teaches him the method of pre-
senting scientific data. The distribution of the subjects is largely governed
by the work for which each man is being prepared. If he is to become a
boys' secretary, such topics are assigned as will make him best acquainted
with boy life. This is also true of students who are to become physical
directors and general secretaries.
The human instincts receive careful attention under this head. A few
are named to show the value of the work, but not to indicate the scope of
it. Each is studied as to the genesis in the animal world, relation to the
struggle for existence, modifications as the scale of life is ascended, value
in the development of manhood if properly used, and danger if improperly
developed or left undeveloped : fear, the fighting instinct, anger, plays,
hunting, the gang instinct, sex instinct, hero worship, imitation, the parental
instinct, and others.
Under the head of the sex instinct, the subject of "personal purity"
from the psychological standpoint is carefully considered, and each student
learns to present this subject to an audience of men or boys, as well as how
to deal with the individual who has become addicted to unfortunate habits.
Heredity and degeneracy are also given an important place in this study.
Attention is given to the introduction of disease, the use of alcoholic
stimulants, the lack of proper food, etc., with their effects upon the child.
An attempt is made to trace the dominating characteristics of the boy during
the different periods of his development, so that treatment of him may be
intelligent and helpful at all times.
(3) General Psychology. Under this head are studied consciousness
and the self ; attention and habit ; the intellect, including sensation, percep-
tion, conception, apperception, and such complex mental processes as
memory, imagination, judgment, thought and reasoning; the sensibilities,
including the emotions, the affections and the desires, and volition or the
(4) Psychic Phenomena. Under this head are treated suggestion,
sleep, hypnosis, alterations of personality, dreams, hallucinations and illu-
sions, and as far as possible the laws underlying the different systems of
(In charge of Dr. Hastings, Junior year, five hours per week.) The
ability to use the English language is of the utmost importance. Few men
achieve such excellence in English but that they covet the opportunity for
further study. Throughout the course students are required to present
papers and essays in different branches, which are revised and criticised
by instructors. The work in English is a study of modern explanative and
argumentative composition, with practice in writing and criticism. A brief
study of the newspaper in its relation to the Association, with practice in
reporting, interviewing and editorial writing, the preparation of plans, and
the study of style.
Particular attention is given to public speaking in connection with the
Literary Societies. These Societies meet weekly through the year.
5. Conventions and Lectures
(1) Conventions. The School aims, through conventions and confer-
ences, to bring the students into touch with the current affairs- of the
Association. The state conventions of Massachusetts and Connecticut are
frequently attended by delegations of the students, and opportunity often
arises for students to attend the New York state convention.
During March the New England Secretaries' Conference holds its ses-
sion for three days at the School dormitory. This conference brings
together the employed officers of the six New England states. This gather-
ing furnishes an excellent opportunity to come in touch with present-day
Association affairs. During the coming year the American Physical Educa-
tion Association is to hold its biennial convention at the Training School.
(2) Lectures. One of the most helpful means of keeping in touch with
the active work of the Association is found in the lectures and addresses
which from time to time are given by Association leaders and others. In
addition to the lectures in connection with the Seminars and the courses
in Methods, the following, among others, have been delivered the past
Ralph P. Alden, Springfield, Mass., "Financial Credit and Obligations
H. E. Dodge, general secretary, Warren, Pa., "Shop Bible Classes."
J. H. Safford, secretary State Committee, New York City, "Recent
Developments in Work Among Students."
F. S. Goodman, religious work secretary International Committee, New
York City, "Religious Work Among Young Men."
Prof. George A. Coe, Northwestern University, Evanston, 111., "Psy-
chology of Religious Life," and "God in Relation to Human Life."
Prof. George L. Robinson, McCormick Theological Seminary, Chicago,
III, "The Pauline View of the Glory of God," "Jesus' Estimate of Him-
' . self/' "Isaiah's Lifetime and Messages," "Quotations from the Old Testa-
ment in the New," "The Permanent Value of the Ten Commandments,"
"Messianic Prophecy," "The Argument of the Book of Job," "Forty Days
on Camels Through Mt. Sinai" (stereopticon).
Chas. H. Barrows, Springfield, Mass., "The Character of Jesus in the
6. Graduate Work
Graduates of the School, or those having done equivalent work else-
where, will be allowed to pursue advanced work under one of the instruc-
tor's. The course must be laid out at the beginning of the year by the
president and approved by the faculty. It will involve a major theme with
two minor allied courses. The aim shall be to do work of an original
character. This work shall be embodied in a thesis, two copies of
which, bound in cloth, must be presented to the School. By vote of the
faculty, graduates of the Training School who have a Bachelor's degree,
either in humanics or in physical education, who complete a one year's
graduate course, and present a thesis which receives a grade not lower than
worthy of praise, will be recommended to the trustees as candidates for a
7. Preparatory Course
As no student can be a candidate for a diploma unless he has a good
English education, and has attained high school standing in English, gen-
eral history and mathematics, provisions have been made by the trustees
for men to make up deficiencies in these branches. It is, however, desir-
able that this work should be done before coming to Springfield.
(1) English. Five hours weekly are given to the study of English and
(2) History. Five hours weekly are given to the subject of history,
covering general, English, and United States history.
(3) Mathematics. Five hours weekly are given to mathematics, cover-
ing arithmetic, algebra, and geometry.
II. Technical Courses
During the Junior year students pursue largely the general course, but
from that time on, while a part of each day. is occupied with the general
course, an increasing proportion of the student's time is given to special
technical study in the department to which he intends to devote his life.
These courses have been worked out with great care, and are adapted from
year to year to the growing demand of the Young Men's Christian Asso-
ciation and physical education.
1. The Secretarial Course
L. L. Doggett, President ; Secretarial Seminar.
J. T. Bowne; Secretarial Methods.
F. N. Seerley ; Physiology.
H. M. Burr; Sociology, Ethics, and Philosophy of Education.
Mrs. Carolyn D. Doggett ; English Literature.
W. W. Hastings ; English.
J. H. McCurdy; Physical Department Methods.
(Mrs. Doggett, three terms, four hours per week.) The work in English
and American literature is a study of the great art forms of literature and
their relation to the epochs of national life. This will include a study of
Chaucer, Shakespeare, Milton, Wordsworth, and Tennyson, — the charac-
teristics of the age in which they lived, and their relation to that age.
Among the American writers studied are Cotton Mather, Jonathan
Edwards, Daniel Webster, Irving, Emerson, and Hawthorne. This course
aims to familiarize the students with the masterpieces of English, and is of
great practical value in fitting a secretary for directing the reading of
young men and boys.
(Dr. Seerley, five hours per week.) This course is arranged in recogni-
tion of the unity of man's threefold nature, with the conviction that the
religion of Jesus Christ is adapted to redeem man in his entirety — body,
mind and spirit.
This study begins with a course of lectures, calculated to show man's
place in the universe, including the unorganized and organized world, and
to put him into relation with these.
A study of the body is then begun with the most simple analysis into
trunk, limbs, head, and all that can be readily observed.
This naturally leads to the study of the mechanics of the body. Then,
by means of dissection of animals in the laboratory, the different systems
making up the body (muscular, osseous, nervous, etc.,) and organs associ-
ated in forming the apparatuses (circulatory, digestive, respiratory, repro-
ductive, etc.) are discovered.
The student then picks out the muscles and names them, assisted by
charts, demonstrations and experiments ; the bones, naming and classifying
them, aided by the skeleton. Bone, muscle, nerve, etc., are then studied as
regards function, structure and relations.
In the same way every organ composing the several apparatuses is
minutely studied till a complete analysis results.
The student then collects and combines all the physiological properties
possessed by all the tissues, and discovers that the original cell, from which
developed this complex structure by the process of differentiation, possessed
all these powers.
A study of the growth and development of the body then naturally fol-
lows. Careful study is then given to the external and internal conditions
which tend to promote health in this complex structure, as well as
the best thing to do in case an injury should occur to any part of it. This
course also lays a foundation for the study of psychology.
(Professor Burr, one term, five hours per week.) This course combines
lectures on the origin and growth of the moral nature and moral laws,
class discussions of ethical problems in practical life and courses of read-
ing covering such topics as the history of ethical philosophy, the psychology
of ethical feeling, the relation of ethical laws to physical laws, and the rela-
tion of ethics and religion. The aim of the course is to assist in the con-
struction of a scientific and effective philosophy of conduct.
The Principles of Religious Education
(Professor Burr, one term, five hours per week.) No teacher is fully
equipped for his work without a special study of the principles and methods
of education. No religious leader is fully equipped for his work without a
special study of the application of these principles and methods to religious
education. This is particularly true of the leader in Association work. To
develop the moral and religious life is the goal of all its educative work.
Education prepares the way for conversion, and conversion should be the
normal culmination of our educational work.
Outline. 1. Great Educational Leaders. 2. Fundamental Principles of
Education. 3. The Special Problems of Religious Education. 4. Types of
Religious Education. Recent Literature. 5. The Young Men's Christian
Association and Religious Education.
The Problems of a Twentieth Century City
(Professor Burr, one term, five hours per week.) Cities are the strategic
points of our modern civilization. In the cities are massed, not merely the
most powerful economic and political forces, but also the most powerful
ethical and educational forces. So far as we can see, an ever increasing
proportion of our population will live in cities. Hence the problems of the
city are, like the poor, likely to be always with us, and we must face them
as best we may.
The Young Men's Christian Association is itself a product of city life.
It is an organized attempt on the part of the church to meet one of the
most pressing needs of city life, — a social center for young men, where all
wholesome and educative influences should be massed attractively and
It is becoming evident that the secretaries and directors of the Associa-
tion must be sociological experts. In studying the lives of young men they
will become so perforce. As a matter of fact, they constitute a natural
bureau of information as to all the forces and conditions of city life which
affect young men. In some of our largest and most effective Associations,
the secretaries are becoming recognized as authorities on municipal sociol-
ogy, both to the benefit of the city and their own work.
In order to meet this growing demand of our work, a term of study is
devoted to municipal sociology.
Syllabus of Course in Municipal Sociology:
I. Introduction. The city in its relation to civilization.
II. History. Ancient and medieval cities. Their relation to political,
social, and economic progress.
III. Growth of Modern Cities. Causes and consequences of rapid urban-
ization. Statistics, composition and distribution, or race and oc-
IV. Special Problems.
(1) City charters. (2) Relation of city and state. (3) The mayor,—
qualifications, term of office, powers. (4) The composition and duties of
the council. (5) The organization and control of departments. (6) Fi-
nances, — methods of taxation, appropriations, uniform systems of account-
ing. (7) The granting of franchises, — duration, resumption. (8) Control
of quasi-public corporations, such as the telegraph,, telephone, express, gas
and electric light, and street railway companies.
( 1 ) The housing problem, — tenements, overcrowding, plumbing, inspec-
tion, model tenements. "Philanthropy and Five Per Cent." (2) Streets, —
cleaning, beautifying, regulation of use. (3) Parks, playgrounds, public
baths, recreation piers, etc. (4) The control and prevention of disease.
The board of health, sanitary police, etc.
(1) The prevention and punishment of crime. The organization and
control of the police. (2) The liquor traffic and the saloon. License or
prohibition? Suppression or substitution? (3) Prostitution, — causes, con-
sequences, methods of suppression or control. (4) Amusements, — theaters,
dance halls, circuses, games. Extent of municipal responsibility. (5) Inde-
cent pictures and literature, gambling, etc.
(1) Care of dependents, — orphans, paupers, etc. (2) Care of de-
fectives, — idiots, insane, etc. (3) Care of delinquents, — young criminals.
Juvenile courts. Reform schools.
(1) Aim of public education. (2) Courses of study, — nature and
extent. (3) Control. Laws. School board and officers. (4) Teachers, —
qualifications, character, sex, religious relation, salaries, pensions, etc.
(5) School extension, — wider utilization of school buildings, vacation
schools, municipal lectures, concerts, etc.
V. Municipal Progress and Public Ownership of Public Utilities.
VI. Unofficial Agencies for Municipal Betterment.
(1) The church, especially the institutional church. (2) The
Young Men's and Young Women's Christian Associations. (3) University
and Social Settlements. (4) Municipal and Civic Leagues. (5) Some
corporations (National Cash Register).
(Professor Burr, three terms, five hours per week.) The aim of this
course is to familiarize the student with the most serious economic and
social problems which he will meet in his work among young men, and
the fundamental economic and social laws which must be recognized in all
The course in Association methods is the result of twenty-one years of
experience and testing. It is adapted to teach the student both the science
and the art of the secretaryship.
Students wishing to prepare for the secretaryship of railroad Associations
will follow this course, and will be assigned work bearing particularly upon
the department to which they are to devote their lives. The two railroad
Associations of Springfield furnish an opportunity for practical experience.
Students wishing to fit for the religious work directorship will follow
the regular secretarial course, and be assigned special work bearing upon
this department, particularly in the preparation of a thesis. The same plan
will be followed for men wishing to prepare for any of the various lines of
secretarial work. This year two students are fitting for work among col-
ored young men, one for Indian work, two for work among young men
in foreign lands, and one for work among Italians.
Students wishing to fit for secretarial work among boys follow the regular
secretarial course with some additions from the physical course. All stu-
dents are trained to deal with boys. The features bearing particularly
upon work among boys are more fully outlined on pages 61 to 64.
Students desiring to fit for county work will be given the regular secre-
tarial course, and special lectures and reading for this department.
The course in Association methods is under the direction of Professor
J. T. Bowne. Instruction in fundamental principles, Association organiza-
tion, business management, and the office and work of a general secretary,
is given by him. The Training School aims to bring the student into touch
with the most approved and most recent methods used, not only in a single
Association, but in many Associations in different parts of the country.
Miethods are constantly changing, and it is the plan in the presentation of
this course to secure the cooperation of leading specialists in various
(Professor Bowne, four hours per week.)
(1) The Field and Its Limits. The work, why needed. A definite work
by and for young men. The aim distinctively religious. Relation to the
church. Relation to other religious societies.
Lecturer, 1905-06 : George G. Mahy, general secretary, Scranton, Pa.,
"The Study of the Local Field."
(2) The Organisation. When and how to organize. The constitution.
Branches and sub-organizations. The directors and officers.
Lecturer, 1905-06 : Secretary W. Knowles Cooper, Springfield, Mass.,
(3) The Membership. Classes. How to secure members. The mem-
bership committee. How to retain members. Development of active mem-
bers. The associate membership and its relations.
(4) The General Secretary. His relation to churches and pastors, to
officers, directors and committees, to other employees, to the business com-
munity, to his fellow secretaries. Accepting a call. Beginning work.
Correspondence. System. Statistics. Studying human nature. Dress.
Conversation. Economy. Health. Growth — spiritually, intellectually and
socially. Securing and training employed officers — demand and supply,
methods of training.
Lecturer, 1906 : Secretary W. Knowles Cooper, Springfield, Mass., "The
Personal Life of the Secretary" — two lectures.
(5) The Association Home. Advantages of owning a building, loca-
tion, arrangement, construction, equipment. The care of the home —
repairs and safety, order and cleanliness. How to get a building — prepara-
tory work, the canvass, cautions. The building movement — its beginning
Lecturer, 1906 : Secretary George G. Mahy, Scranton, Pa., "Building
Construction" — four lectures.
(6) The Business Management. Current finances — the annual budget,
income, solicitation, collection and disbursement, financial accounting.
Real estate and endowment funds — incorporation, trustees, endowment,
debt, taxes, insurance, leases. Records and advertising — recording statis-
tics, anniversaries, parlor conferences, printed matter, the bulletin, annual
Lecturers, 1906: Secretary N. H. Jacks, Hartford, Conn., and L. B.
Baker, Waterbury, Conn., "Association Accounting" — four lectures. Gen-
eral Secretary W. Knowles Cooper, Springfield, Mass., "Business Manage-
ment and Finances" — two lectures. General Secretary H. L. Simmons,
Brooklyn, N. Y., "Association Economics and Finances" — four lectures.
(7) The Religious Department. The Bible in Association Work: In-
dividual study — objects, methods and helps; class study — a Bible class in-
dispensable, relation of the general secretary, beginners', advanced and
training classes, true place and appliances, the teacher, the class, the topics,
preparing the lesson, teaching the lesson. Personal evangelism — the evan-
gelistic meeting, other meetings at the buildings ; meetings outside the build-
ings — in shops, etc. ; foreign missions to young men ; distribution of religious
reading matter ; the invitation committee.
Lecturers, 1906 : Fred S. Goodman, secretary International Committee,
New York City, "The Religious Department" — four lectures. J. W.
Cook, state secretary of New York, "The Bible Study Department" — eight
lectures. E. T. Colton, secretary International Committee, New York City,
"Foreign Work Department" — four lectures.
(8) The Educational Department. The reading room — furniture,
supervision, papers and periodicals. The library — its importance and place
in the Association, how to develop, apartments and furniture, management,
selecting and buying books, classification, cataloguing, shelf listing, binding
and repairing, advertising, registration and charging, reference books,
courses of reading, aids to readers. Educational classes — the need,
branches taught, adaptation, thoroughness, frequency of sessions, instruc-
tors, classrooms, examinations. Literary societies, etc. — value, various
forms of organization and work, how supervised. Lectures and talks — the
use and abuse of lectures, home talent, practical talks. The educational
director — qualifications, work and relationships.
Lecturers, 1905-06 : George B. Flodge, secretary International Committee,
New York City, eight lectures. H. S. Colburn, educational director West
Side Branch, New York City, "Educational Work in the Local Field" —
(9) Physical Department Methods. (Dr. McCurdy, six weeks, five
hours per week. See page 49.) Aim of the department — health, education,
recreation. Conditions under which a physical department should be or-
ganized. Scientific equipment and methods — examinations, statistics, pre-
scription of exercise. Practical equipment and methods — location and
arrangement of gymnasium, bath and dressing rooms, outfit, methods.
Outdoor work. The physical director. The department committee.
(10) The' Social Department. The social life. The reception commit-
tee. The social rooms. Social entertainments.
Lecturer, 1905-06 : J. W. Cook, state secretary of New York, "The Social
Life of the Association" — two lectures.
(11) The Department of Information and Relief. Boarding houses.
Employment bureau. Savings bureau. Benefit fund. Visiting the sick.
Destitute young men.
Lecturers, 1905-06: W. Knowles Cooper, general secretary, Springfield,
Mass., "Social Service." J. G. Schroeder, general secretary German
Branch, Buffalo, N. Y., "Economic Features" — two lectures.
(12) The Boys' Department. Necessity, aim and benefit. Organiza-
tion and relationships. Different classes of boys. Supervision. Methods
and agencies — religious, educational, physical and social.
Lecturers, 1905-06 : E. M. Robinson, secretary International Committee,
New York City, "Work with Boys" — six lectures. H. W. Gibson, state
secretary boys' work, Boston, "State and Local Work and Summer
Camps" — four lectures. W. H. Davis, general secretary, Portland, Me.,
"Work for Boys from a Secretary's Point of View" — four lectures.
(13) The Work among Special Classes. College students — organization,
methods, outgrowths. Railroad men — aim and benefits. Other industrial
classes. Soldiers, sailors, negroes, Indians, etc.
(14) Women's Work for Voting Men. Organization and methods.
(15) State and Provincial Work. The state committee. The state
secretary. Headquarters and finances. Supervision — city, county, railroad,
student, etc. Corresponding members. Conventions. Relation of local
Association and secretary to the work of supervision and extension.
Lecturers, 1905-06: George S. Budd, state secretary, Columbus, Ohio,
"State Supervision," "The Secretary in His First Field" — eight lectures.
(16) The American International Work. Organization. The field.
The work — supervision and extension, correspondence, publication, se-
curing and training employed officers, aid to building enterprises, aid in
securing funds, aid to state and other conventions, help in disaster.
Secretaries of the committee. International finances. International con-
ventions. Work among young men in foreign lands — policy, relationship,
Lecturer, 1505-06 : Dr. Lucien C. Warner, chairman International Com-
mittee, New York City, "Problems of Supervision."
(17) The World's Alliance. Organization and work.
(Dr. Doggett.) The object of this course is to study the habits and
lives of young men, to study at first hand the documentary sources of the
Young Men's Christian Association, and to learn the art of original inves-
tigation. Much of the success of the Young Men's Christian Association
of the future will depend upon a scientific study of the habits and lives and
characteristics of young men and boys. We need to know what young
men are thinking about, how much money they earn, how they earn it and
how they spend it, how they spend their leisure time, what is their social
life, what is their religious life, how it should find expression, the tempta-
tions of young men and boys and how to meet them. A rich unworked
field is presented to the student in the many undeveloped themes in Asso-
ciation history and by its unsolved problems. Another object of the
seminar is to fit the secretary to study his field. Many of the theses are
sociological studies in Springfield, or investigations which develop the
power of observation and research. In the Senior year a thesis is prepared
upon a theme agreed upon between the student and one of the instructors.
Students are allowed to prepare a thesis with any of the instructors in the
School. The theses will be examined by a committee of the faculty con-
sisting of Professor H. M. Burr, Dr. J. H. McCurdy, and Dr. L. L. Doggett.
Each student will be expected to present his thesis for criticism and dis-
cussion at a public meeting of the seminar. Leading Association workers
are also invited from time to time to address these gatherings. The ap-
pointments for the School year 1905-1906 are as follows : —
Dr. T. M. Balliet, Dean School of Pedagogy, New York University,
"Pedagogy and Religious Education."
Student Theses: —
J. W. Storey, "Religious Work for Boys."
F. E. Seybolt, "Luther D. Wishard and the Intercollegiate Movement."
W. A. Giles, "Social Betterment Agencies Operated by the Negroes."
H. S. Smith, "Literature for Young Men."
A. R. S. Pereira, "Latin America."
W. L. Hawkes, "The Problem of Religious Education in the Association."
R. D. Tucker, "Social Settlement Methods Compared with Association
H. J. Thompson, "Studies in Religious Biography."
L. E. Day, "Religious Education in the Young Men's Christian Asso-
J. T. Seller, "The Modern Young Men's Christian Association Building."
W. H. J. Beckett, "The Need of Physical Training among Negro
Students in the seminar are expected to devote one hour daily during
the Senior year to research. The historical and physical libraries available
to students make this work of great value. At the beginning of the fall
term Dr. Doggett will meet all Seniors for five lectures on methods of
Unusual opportunities are offered for practical work, and for getting an
inside view of Association management. The Springfield, Holyoke and
Westfield Associations, with their beautiful buildings and large member-
ships, furnish every facility to see and participate in the various phases of
Association activity. Through the Student Association, opportunity is
afforded for religious work. All students have opportunity for Bible class
teaching, for personal evangelism among young men, and for seeing com-
mittee work in operation.
All are given practice in using the library, in preparing reports of com-
mittees, minutes of meetings, items for newspapers and bulletins, printers'
copy and proof reading, and are expected to attend each year at least one
Senior Tour. One of the most helpful experiences is a tour, at the
close of the winter term of the Senior year, of the Associations at Bridge-
port, New Haven, Brooklyn, and New York City. This tour, taken under
the direction of members of the faculty, gives an opportunity to study the
actual workings of a large number of Associations. It is quite different
from a convention where Association topics are discussed. On this tour, by
arrangements beforehand with the employed men of the Associations, from
one half hour to an hour's interview is held in the office in which the work
is carried on. Last year some twenty different Associations and institutions
were visited, and conferences were held with fifty different employed men
on various phases of Association work. This included twelve directors
of Association and college gymnasiums, twelve international and state sec-
retaries, and twenty-six secretaries of city Associations. The class was
enabled to see the physical work in the gymnasiums of Yale and Columbia
Universities, and one of the New York City schools.
Physical Training. Every secretary is given a thorough course in physi-
cal training, which continues through two years. Those who desire are at
liberty to take both gymnasium and field work for the Senior year as well.
A complete description of this course is given on pages 52 and 54.
The basis of the secretarial course is a study of humanics ; that is, the
study of human nature — physical, social, intellectual and spiritual. Stu-
dents who have fulfilled the requirements for admission described on
page 65, who complete the three years' secretarial course, receiving on an
average a grade of not less than 80 per cent, and on their theses a grade not
lower than worthy of praise, will be recommended to the trustees by the
faculty for the degree of Bachelor of Humanics (B. H.).
Students who are not high school graduates, but who have fulfilled the
requirements for admission in English, mathematics, and history described
on page 65, and who have completed the secretarial course of study and
presented a thesis with a grade not lower than satisfactory, will be recom-
mended by the faculty to the trustees for diplomas and will rank as grad-
uates of the Training School.
2. Physical Course
J. H. McCurdy, Physiology of Exercise, Director of Gymnastics and Ath-
F. N. Seerley, Anatomy, Histology.
W. W. Hastings, History of Physical Training, Hygiene, Anthropometry,
Elmer Berry, Physics and Chemistry, Gymnastics, Athletics.
P. K. Hoemes, Gymnastics and Athletics.
F. J. Gray, Gymnastics and Athletics.
W. F. Cobb, Gymnastics and Athletics.
A. W. Hendrian, Gymnastics and Athletics.
G. P. Peckham, Gymnastics and Athletics.
Object. To furnish "normal Christian physical education" to those pre-
paring to become directors of the physical work of the Young Men's Chris-
tian Associations, or of colleges and schools.
The duties of a modern physical director demand that he shall he able
to make an intelligent examination of the person who comes to him for ad-
vice ; that he shall be able to wisely counsel with him in regard to food,
clothing, sleep, work, exercise, and, in general, all those topics which are
related to "living at one's best;" to put men into the condition of highest
vitality and effectiveness in any line, is his first work. He must take into
account the intimate relationships existing between body and mind, and
must understand their mutual effects. He must be able to make his gym-
nasium a place of real recreation as well as of body building.
To accomplish these various ends, he must know the body and its laws
(anatomy, physiology and 'hygiene) . He must have a detailed knowledge
of the effects of exercise upon the body (physiology of exercise). He
must know how to get men into the best condition for the performance of
any physical effort (training). He must be acquainted with the funda-
mental relations existing between a man's reproductive system and his
bodily, mental and spiritual states (personal purity). He should know
what to do in case of accidents (first aid to the injured). He must be
able to make an intelligent examination of the heart, lungs, and other
organs (physical examination). He must know how to measure and test
men, and how to study these measurements in groups (anthropometry).
He must know how to prescribe exercise for those needing remedial gym-
nastics sent to him by physicians (prescription of exercise). He must
have at his service the experience of those of the past (history, literature,
philosophy of physical training). He must be perfectly familiar with all
the work which he is to use or teach (gymnastics, athletics, aquatics,
games, sports, etc.). He must be familiar with details of the management
of the physical department of the institution with which he will probably
be connected (physical department of a Young Men's Christian Asso-
ciation). Each student prepares a working bibliography of the subjects in
the course. Instruction is given in bibliographical methods.
This course includes, in addition to instruction in the regular physical
training branches, a carefully outlined course in normal teaching. The
normal practice commences in the Junior year and is continued through
the three years for students in the physical course, and through two years
for secretarial students. This work is divided into two parts : first, that
in the School itself ; second, that in the surrounding Associations and
clubs. The School normal practice is under the direct supervision of the
instructors and occurs daily ; for example, the Junior class in marching is
divided into two squads with a teacher in charge of each squad. This
pedagogical practice occurs daily in addition to the course of lectures
on gymnastic pedagogy. A recitation course in gymnastic nomenclature
and athletic rules is given in connection with each year's floor and field
The normal practice outside the School divides itself into three heads :
First, those who are physical directors or assistants. Twelve men are this
year receiving this practice, and in addition are earning the whole or a
part of their expenses. Second, those who are regular coaches in foot-
ball, basket-ball and hockey. Six such positions have been filled this year.
In addition to this, practice is given in officiating at games, such as foot-
ball, basket-ball, etc.
The aim is to qualify students as teachers of gymnastics, athletics and
aquatics. A minimum of time will thus be spent in practice of mere feats
of strength or skill in any of these branches. Emphasis is placed on the
enthusiastic pushing of those exercises which are of chief value to the
average man in the Associations. Muscular strength and coordination are
to be developed only so far as they increase vitality.
Every subject throughout the course is studied and practiced from the
standpoint of its usefulness as a physical or moral agent in the peculiar
conditions obtaining in the Young Men's Christian Associations. Class
rather than individual work, accordingly, is emphasized, and the elements
of recreation and moral discipline are striven for. The work done in the
Associations is rapidly evolving. The aim is to fit the student for the new
movement rather than for the old. The progression in gymnastics, athletics,
and aquatics will be as rapid as is consistent with thoroughness.
The fall course in athletics consists of events which can be done on any
level field with little expense for the preparation of the grounds. It is
believed many Associations refrain from taking up athletics because they
do not know of the excellent sports which require little apparatus.
This course includes field evolution with calisthenics, hare and hound
chases, cross country runs, football, minton and field hockey.
The spring athletic course takes up track and field events. Each stu-
dent is taught the standard events and the best methods of coaching for
The track events which are emphasized are the 100, 220, 440, 880-yard
dash, the mile run and hurdling. The field events are pole vaulting, high
jumping, broad jumping, shot putting, and hammer throwing. Instruction
is given during the spring in baseball and golf.
Physical instruction indoors progresses along the following lines : Class
evolutions, calisthenics, games, apparatus exercises, and indoor athletics.
In class evolutions, the marching system by Cornell and Berry forms the
basis for work.
Calisthenics are taught, first, by giving the principal positions derived
from the fundamental standing position; and second, by standard drills
with dumb bells, wands, bar bells, and Indian clubs.
In games, basket-ball and volley-ball receive due attention ; also such
gymnastic games as circle-ball, three-deep, hand wrestling, Indian wrest-
In apparatus exercises, instruction is given on the horizontal bar, parallel
bars, German horse, traveling rings, and pulley weights.
Location. There is no part of the country where athletics are more fos-
tered, where the college athletic teams are better trained, or where the local
Young Men's Christian Associations are more vigorous in their physical
work than in New England.
The students visit the majority of the following named first-class gym-
nasiums during their course. The Association Gymnasiums at Worcester,
Boston, Cambridge, Holyoke, Hartford, New York — 23d Street, Harlem,
Brooklyn. College Gymnasiums — Harvard, Amherst, Yale, Columbia.
Athletic Clubs— Boston Athletic Club, New York Athletic Club. Schools
of Gymnastics — Boston Normal, Harvard, New Haven Normal School.
Nowhere else in the country could this valuable experience be gained
with so little expenditure of time and money.
The fine gymnasium of the local Association affords illustration of a
model work. A well-organized course in physical training is conducted in
the Springfield public schools.
The location of the School upon Massasoit Lake furnishes an excellent
opportunity for training in aquatics. The school possesses a good fleet
of boats for this purpose.
(1) Physics. (Professor Berry, one term, four hours per week.) The
work in physics is conducted as far as possible upon laboratory methods,
the object of the course being: —
To cultivate correct habits of thought and observation and to develop
the true scientific spirit.
To form a groundwork for the understanding of and research in sub-
sequent studies — bodily mechanics, physiology of exercise, etc.
The course consists of lectures, recitations and experiments, and in-
cludes mechanics, dynamics, and molecular physics, considering the most
important phenomena of matter — solid, liquid, gaseous — force, heat, mag-
netism and electricity. The text book used is Wentworth and Hill's "A
Text Book of Physics."
(2) Chemistry. (Professor Berry, two terms, four hours per week.) In-
struction in chemistry includes theory and practice. A large share of the
work consists in laboratory exercises, intended to develop skill in use of
apparatus, to give a practical working knowledge of representative ele-
ments and their compounds, an insight into the nature of chemical phe-
nomena, and especially the power to learn of nature by observation and
experiment. The course is divided into two parts : —
(a) General inorganic chemistry, which treats mainly of such elements
as are essential to the understanding of (b).
(b) Organic physiological chemistry, which consists of a series of illus-
trative experiments, based upon the course in Harvard Medical School, and
endeavors to give the student a knowledge of the chemistry of foods, diges-
tion, growth, metabolism, respiration, etc. The text book used is Long's
(3) Anatomy. (Dr. Seerley, three terms, five hours per week.)
Gross anatomy of the body and its parts. The body as a machine. This
includes a study of the bones, articulations, muscles, muscle insertions,
leverage, and of the combined action of muscles and mechanism of bodily
movements, with special application to the movements of the fluids of the
body, e. g., blood and lymph. Demonstration on individuals, of muscular
origin, insertion and action with reference to erect carriage of the body.
Microscopic anatomy of the organs of the body. Histology — a study of the
microscopic structure of every part of the body. Based upon the fact that
"function makes structure," the student secures a wide knowledge of the
fundamental functions by knowing the fundamental structures. The stu-
dent also makes sections for himself, thus becoming acquainted with the
laboratory method of investigation.
(Frofessor Berry, Messrs. Gray, Hendrian, and Peckham, three terms,
two hours per day.) The Junior physical work is the same for all
(1) Field. Instruction is given in field athletics, standing broad and
running high jumps, discus, shot putting, pole vaulting, running, baseball
(batting, base running, fielding, and team practice), football (ball passing,
instruction in different positions, falling on the ball, and team practice),
minton, field hockey, and cross country running.
(2) Gymnasium. Instruction is given in plain marching, special at-
tention being paid to the best formations for handling large classes. Maze
running receives attention during this year. After a study of the typical
gymnastic positions in calisthenic exercises, sample drills are taught with
dumb bells, heavy Indian clubs, pulley weights and elementary exercises on
the heavy apparatus. Emphasis is laid on the hygienic work, which permits
large classes to be handled effectively. The bouncing board is used largely,
and an effort made to secure a large dosage of work by using large groups
of muscles (legs and trunk work chiefly) in a great variety of simple and
interesting exercises. The aim is to present a type of work which can be
used effectively with large mass classes of average ability.
(3) Aquatics. Swimming, diving and canoeing are taught.
(1) Physiology. (Dr. McCurdy and Professor Berry, three terms, five
hours per week.) Text books: Foster, "Text Book of Physiology";
Stewart, "Manual of Physiology with Practical Exercises." Collateral
reading: Schafer, "Text Book of Physiology."
The instruction consists of recitations, lectures and laboratory work.
The view-point of the course is towards physiology of exercise, personal
hygiene, and general massage rather than medicine. It includes a study of
circulation, respiration, digestion, absorption, excretion, metabolism, nutri-
tion, animal heat, muscle, nerve, central nervous system, and the special
(2) Massage. (Dr. Hastings, first term, nine weeks, five hours per
week.) Text books : Kellogg' s "Massage" and Kleen's "Handbook of Mas-
sage," supplemented by lectures and demonstration. Every student has
practice with a subject two hours per week. A final examination in tech-
nique is required.
(3) History and Literature of Physical Training. (Dr. Hastings, fifteen
weeks, five hours per week.) Each student in this course will select some
subject, make a study of it during the year, and write a short paper. Dr.
Hastings will give the following lectures :—
(a) Greek Period. Ancient funeral games, their extent, range and
significance. The funeral games over Patroclus ; also other references to
sport found in- the Iliad and the Odyssey of Homer. The place of the
athletic games as related to Greek history. Historical development of the
Olympic games ; their leading characteristics, — individual not group. The
prize and honor system, and its effect upon the games. The rise and effect
of professionalism. Greek ideas of exercise as related to health and edu-
Funeral games among the Romans, the rise of the Ludi Gladiatori, and
the gladiatorial combat. Place, influence, and the extent of the Roman
games. The Roman baths. Physical training of the Roman army.
(b) Medieval Period. Estimate placed upon the body by the Latin
Fathers of the church. The divorce between the natural and the spiritual.
Early sports among the Germans as reported by Tacitus. The rise of
chivalry. The knightly tournaments of the Middle Ages, — their place, con-
duct and influence.
(c) The Dawn of the Modern Period. Mecurialis, his book "De arte
Gymnastica," and the medieval physicians. Place, work, and influence on
physical training of Mulcaster, Locke, Rabelais, Luther, Milton, Fuller,
The Emile — J. J. Rousseau. The influence of Rousseau. The influence
and life of Guts Muths, Vieth and Nachtegall, Friedrich Ludwig Jahn.
(d) The Modem Period. The development and characteristics of the
German Turners, — their service in the Thirty Years' War. The organiza-
tion and conduct of the Turnerbund. The present Turnerschaft, its ex-
tent, organization and conduct. H. P. Ling and the fundamental charac-
teristics of the Swedish gymnastics. "The Day's Order" and the "Gym-
nastic Progression." Colonel Amoros, and the movement in France. The
revival of interest. The new Olympic games. Baron Pierre de Coubertin.
Place and influence of Delsarte. Play among the Anglo-Saxons. Early
sport in England. The development and influence of group games, as shown
by football. Athletics in the universities and preparatory schools of Eng-
land. Early history of football, cricket, golf, lawn tennis.
(e) The American Movement. The first interest in physical training,
Captain Partridge. The school at Round Hill, Harvard, Yale. The early
manual training movement in schools. Life and influence of Dio Lewis.
The new movement at Amherst, Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Mount Hol-
yoke. The North American Gymnastic Union. Swedish gymnastics in
America. Normal schools of physical training. The American Association
for the Advancement of Physical Education. The leaders in physical train-
ing in America — Edward Hitchcock, D. A. Sargent, E. M. Hartwell, and
others. The early physical training movement in the Associations. The
early physical directors — Wm. Wood, Robert J. Roberts, Luther Gulick,
and their influence. The Summer Schools and Physical Directors' Con-
ferences. The Pentathlon. The Indoor Test. The Athletic League. The
Training Schools. Physical training papers in English — Physical Educa-
tion Review, Mind and Body, Gymnastic and Athletic Review, Physical
Education, The Gymnasium. The Physical Department of the Interna-
(4) Physical Examination — Measurements, Strength Tests and Anthro-
pometric Tables. (Dr. Hastings, third term, ten weeks, five hours per
Text books : Seaver's "Anthropometry," and Hastings' "Manual for
This course has to do with best methods of work in the examining room.
It aims to make the student familiar with the technique of taking, plotting,
and filing measurements and strength tests. The means used are recitations,
lectures, demonstrations and practice. Practice in measuring men in Train-
ing School classes ; practice in taking and recording measurements and
strength tests of high school boys in Springfield and vicinity; practice on
younger boys in the grammar 'schools of Springfield, and in the boys' de-
partment of the Young Men's Christian Association ; practice in plotting
tables for both men and boys, and in the calculation of vitality coefficients
and indices of strength and endurance.
(1) Field. (Professor Berry and Messrs. Holmes and Cobb, three
terms, two hours per day.) Students are taught tennis, football (punting,
place and drop kicking, tackling bag and team practice), and golf. Instruc-
tion is given in sprinting, hurdling, middle distance running, hop, step and
jump, broad and high jumping, pole vaulting, and hammer throwing.
(2) Gymnasium. The class continues the practice of marching begun
in the Junior year, supplementing it with fancy marching. The wands, bar
bells, and Indian clubs receive special attention. Intermediate exercises on
the heavy apparatus consist of exercises adapted for leaders and classes in
the intermediate grade. The athletic side of gymnastics is fostered, i. e.,
those exercises which require strong legs and trunk rather than those which
demand large arms and shoulders. The methods of running group contests
are taught during this year.
(1) Physiology of Exercise. (Dr. McCurdy, one term, five hours per
This course consists of lectures, laboratory work and recitations upon
assigned subjects. The material for the lecture and recitation course is
covered in part by the following books and periodicals : Lagrange, "The
Physiology of Bodily Exercise" ; Treves, "Physical Education" ; Mosso,
"Life of Man in the High Alps" ; Kolb, "The Physiology of the Maximum
of Sport"; "The Journal of Physiology" (English) ; "The American Journal
of Physiology" : "die Centralblatt fur Physiologic" TJie laboratory section
is made possible by the gifts of alumni and friends. This course includes in-
struction in the technique of the sphygmograph, sphygmomanometer, pneu-
mograph and ergograph. The major portion of the experimental work at
present consists of studies of the effect of exercises of speed, strength, skill,
and endurance on circulation, muscle and nerve. The instruments used are
of the same pattern as the new ones recently introduced into the physio-
logical laboratory of the Harvard Medical School. In addition to these,
others have been constructed by the Training School mechanic. The effect
of exercises of speed, strength, skill and endurance on heart rate, pulse
characteristics, and arterial pressure are studied in detail. In the fatigue
studies with the ergograph, three types of instruments are used : the weight
ergograph, the spring ergograph (isotonic method), and the spring ergo-
graph (isometric method). On the days of laboratory work, an additional
hour of class attendance will be expected of the student.
(2) Physical Training Seminar. (Drs. McCurdy and Hastings.) A
seminar will be held on advanced work in physical training, at which there
will be presented original work done by the faculty, graduate students, and
undergraduates, and occasionally by other specialists. The seminar will
keep abreast of the newer lines of physical training. It is for all students
in the physical course.
Each Senior student who is a candidate for a degree will prepare a thesis
upon some topic related to the course of study. This work must be done
under the direct supervision and cooperation of one of the instructors. The
title of this thesis shall be engrossed upon the diploma, and ranked either
as satisfactory, worthy of praise, worthy of high praise, or worthy of the
highest praise. The two higher grades shall be given only for work that is
original. The thesis must be completed before the spring term is begun.
The Gulick: Medal
The Gulick medal, given by Dr. Luther Halsey Gulick, director of physi-
cal training in the public schools of Greater New York, will be awarded
in the spring of 1906, under the following conditions: The subject must be
one relating to physical training. It must be based upon first-hand observa-
tion of facts and include conclusions therefrom. It must include a study
of the literature of the topic. Superiority of method and skill shall count
for fully as much as actual results obtained. The problem must be one
which is worth while, and the thesis one which has not previously been
The appointments for the School year 1905-1906 are as follows : —
Dr. George J. Fisher, physical department secretary International Com-
mittee, New York City, "Philosophy of Association Gymnastics."
Joseph Lee, Boston, Mass., "Educational Function of the Playground."
Student Theses; —
Walter F. Cobb, "A Manual of Suspended Apparatus Exercises."
Frank J. Gray, "Diurnal Variations in Weight."
C. H. Goodwin, "Diurnal Variations in Heart Rate."
R. D. Purinton, "Baseball Coaching."
(3) Anthropometry. (Dr. Hastings, first term, nine weeks, five hours
per week.) Treated through lectures, discussions, digests and assigned
(a) Historical. Origin of the science. Laws of human proportions.
Sketch of military, college and public school anthropometry.
(b) Values. Statistical and diagnostic value of measurements. Com-
parative value of various kinds of anthropometric tables. Relative value
and point of view for taking individual measurements. Comparative value
and adaptation of various forms of strength tests, — Intercollegiate, Kel-
(c) Statistical Methods. The ideal, type, average, mean, probable devia-
tion, probable error, etc., defined and discriminated. The whole process of
construction of anthropometric tables is demonstrated to the student by
practical problems in their actual construction. This is done primarily not
that he may make such tables, but that he may understand them and keep
up with the literature on the subject.
The generalizing and individualizing methods of observation. The abso-
lute annual increase in growth and the relative annual increase. The cor-
relation of anatomical and physiological tests.
(d) Laws of Growth. Comparative growth in height, weight, lung
capacity, strength, etc. Racial, seasonal, and diurnal rhythms, including the
whole discussion of acceleration and retardation of growth and assigned
causes. Nascent periods, age of puberty, Bowditch's law, etc. Changes in
growth produced by environment; influence of exercise upon growth; of
disease; of occupation; nationality, etc. Physical basis of mental efficiency;
dolichocephaly and its relation to height, weight, and other physical
(e) Types of Development. The typical college man, college woman,
strong man, sprinter. American boys and girls.
(4) Hygiene. (Dr. Hastings, second term, twelve weeks, five hours.)
(a) Racial Hygiene.
Racial Vitality. Causes of national health or lack of it. Historical
examples — Hebrew, Greek, English, French, Spanish.
Heredity. Theories of transmission of characteristics, physical and
psychical. Acquired characteristics. Legislative attempts to prevent mar-
riage of the diseased and criminal.
Environment. Causes which tend to modify normal growth and develop-
ment, summed up in the subjects belonging to natural hygiene, climate and
meterology, etc.; also many subjects belonging to municipal hygiene, the
sanitary plumbing, lighting and ventilation of tenements, factories, shops,
public schools, etc.
Civilisation. Sociological conditions which affect organic vigor.
The adoption of machinery as affecting the bodily development of the
race. The progressive urbanization of civilized peoples. Urbanization as
related to vitality. Specialization as affecting bodily vigor and develop-
ment. The growth of school life as related to health and development.
Devices of the day for increasing the amount of work an individual can do
— the telephone, telegraph, stenographer, mail service, steam, etc. Diseases
of occupation. The physical condition of the young men of the cities.
(b) Personal Hygiene.
Text books : Pyle's "Personal Hygiene," and Bissell's "Manual of
Hygiene." Collateral reading : Stevenson and Murphy's "Treatise on
Hygiene" ; Parke's "Practical Hygiene" ; Davies' "Handbook of Hygiene" ;
Vitality and its problems ; the development of the vital functions ; respira-
tion, circulation, etc. Sleep. Clothing. Light and the eye. Hearing.
Bathing and physiological effects of water. Foods and dietaries — sources,
value, digestibility, etc. ; stimulants and narcotics ; training table diet. Text
books for dietetics : Hutchinson's "Food and Dietetics," and Thompson's
(c) School Hygiene.
Text books : Kotelmann's "School Hygiene," and Shaw's "School
Hygiene." Reference : Burgerstein und Netolitzky, "Handbuch der Schul-
School desks and posture. Retardation of. growth of children through
disease. Unhygienic conditions in school buildings and equipment. Mental
fatigue and overpressure. Playgrounds, recesses, systematic exercise,
games, vacation periods, etc.
(6) Physical Diagnosis. (Dr. McCurdy, five hours per week, six
weeks.) Text book. Study of the appearances, conditions, defects, and
deformities likely to be met with in the examining room. Method of
examining the heart, lungs, etc., to prepare the student to assume such
responsibilities as may properly rest upon the physical director, and to pro-
tect those who may come under his charge against unwise exercise and
habits of life.
(8) Prescription of Exercise. (Dr. Hastings, third term, six weeks,
five hours.) The adaptation of various forms of exercise to the needs of
the individual. Exercise as affecting : —
(a) Form. The thorax. Effect of prolapse of viscera. Methods for
their restoration. Position of the shoulders, raising and lowering shoul-
ders. Aetiology of unevenness. Shoulder blades flattening against the
trunk. The building up of small parts. The reduction of fat. Spinal
(b) Vitality. Special need of exercise during present civilization.
Neurasthenia. Deficient nutritive ability. Relation of exercise to vitality.
Exercise with reference to temperament. Large versus small dosage.
(c) Disease. Congestions; hernia; constipation; cardiac weakness;
cardiac insufficiency; partial paralysis; indigestion. The writing out of
prescriptions to suit special cases. Strength tests as a basis for prescription.
(d) Training. Preparatory for athletic competition.
The object of the course is to enable the student to prescribe exercise
intelligently. In so far as this laps over the field of medical practice in the
treatment of disease, the aim is to enable the student to take the general
instructions of the physician, render them definite, and carry them out
effectively. The limitations of this treatment are carefully considered.
(9) Philosophy of Exercise. (Dr. Hastings, third term, six weeks, lec-
tures five hours per week.) During the year the following topics will be
treated : —
(a) Physical Training and its Relationship. To biological science. In-
terrelationship of courses preparatory to the physical directorship.
(b) Growth and Development. The human body as a mechanism, its
character and normal functions. "Function makes structure" as applied to
physical training. Development by inherent rather than by external power
and conditions. The human mind and the relation of the development of the
muscular system to that of the brain and nervous system. Muscular as
related to psychical force. Summary of physiology of exercise. Fatigue,
neuro-muscular, volitional and emotional. Motor training in education.
Adaptation of exercise to the stage of development.
(c) Types of Exercise, and their physiological and psychological effects.
Their place in the restoration of normal function and in the promotion of
normal growth and development. The plays of children and adolescents.
The plays of adults. The plays of animals. The philosophy of play. Play
as related to physical education. The place and limits of competition in
physical training. The place and limits of specialization in physical train-
ing. Track and field sports in physical training. Athletic games in physical
training. Heavy gymnastics in physical training. Calisthenics in physical
(d) Methods, Practicability, Adaptation in lines of work. The exercise
of men in groups. The limitation of games, competition, athletic records,
etc. Characteristics of a day's work in physical training. Physical work
for boys. Summer camps for boys. The philosophy, place, and limitations
of medical gymnastics. .
(10) Organisation of the Physical Department. (Dr. McCurdy, third
term, five hours per week for five weeks.) During the spring term the
following subjects will be considered: —
The Gymnasium. Construction ; equipment ; organization ; advertising
teams, newspapers, prospectus, etc. ; gymnastic pedagogy.
The class studies the construction of the gymnasium, locker rooms,
bathrooms, bowling alleys; also the construction and management of ath-
Under equipment they will study the most approved methods of fitting
up the gymnasium and grounds for physical exercise.
Under organization, the physical department committee and its relation
to the board of directors; sub-committees; leaders' corps; athletic com-
mittee ; outing and Bible study committees.
Advertising the physical department.
(Dr. McCurdy and Mr. Holmes, three terms, two hours per day.) The
Senior work includes normal practice, gymnastic theory, and construction in
(1) Normal Practice. Normal practice consists in leading mass classes,
in the outlining of exercises for different groups of people — boys, young
men and business men, and in the managing of the School's public exer-
cises, sports and games. The Wednesday evening public normal practice
has an attendance of one to three hundred visitors. The direction of the
entire physical practice for the evening devolves upon some member of the
class. On the following day the program of the preceding day is re-
viewed, criticism is given of the matter presented and on the method of
presentation, and the pedagogical errors of a technical nature are shown
the pupil teacher.
(2) Gymnastic Theory. Text books : Ehler, "Gymnastic Nomenclature" ;
Fish, "Calisthenic Nomenclature" ; Cornell and Berry, "Gymnastic March-
ing." This section will include a study of gymnastic nomenclature with
practical demonstration by the class. The construction of series of exercises
for different groups of individuals will receive attention. The order of de-
velopment of the exercises for the individual lesson is studied in its physio-
logical and pedagogical aspects. From the abundance of physical exercises
the teacher must be trained to select those which are scientifically correct,
and in addition those having intrinsic interest in themselves.
The lectures and recitations in gymnastic pedagogy will discuss the com-
mon faults in teachers, the best class formations, and the essentials to be
considered in the selection of "leaders."
(3) Physical Practice.
(a) Field. Students are taught hurdling (120 and 200 yards), walking,
football (team practice, coaching), and field hockey (team practice,
(b) Gymnasium. Instruction is given in such wrestling, sparring, and
fencing exercises as are adapted to class work. Elementary tumbling is
taught. Advanced exercises on the heavy apparatus are given.
(c) Aquatics. Rowing in single and double gigs, also in four-oared
working boats, is taught.
Students are expected to attend each year two conventions : one of the
Young Men's Christian Association, and the other of the American Asso-
ciation for the Advancement of Physical Education.
The basrs of this course is the studies which fit a man for thorough sci-
entific work in physical training. Students who have fulfilled the re-
quirements for admission described on page 65, who complete the three
years' physical course, receiving on an average a grade of not less than
80 per cent, and on their theses a grade not lower than worthy of praise,
will be recommended to the trustees by the faculty for the degree of
Bachelor of Physical Education (B. P. E.).
Students who are not high school graduates, but who have fulfilled the
requirements for admission in English, mathematics, and history described
on page 65, and who have completed the physical course of study, will be
recommended by the faculty to the trustees for diplomas and will rank as
graduates of the Training School.
3. Boys' Work
It is becoming apparent that practically all men who are to enter the
secretaryship or physical directorship of the Association ought to famil-
iarize themselves with work among boys. Much attention is given at the
Training School to studying the social and religious life of boys and
methods of helping them. There is demand for secretaries with special
reference to work for boys, and also for physical directors among boys.
Students desiring to become secretaries of boys' departments will take the
regular secretarial course, and students wishing to fit themselves for
physical work among boys will take the regular physical course. Students
preparing for work among boys will be assigned special reading in connec-
tion with their theses.
So much interest has been manifested in this form of work that the sub-
jects which are taught at the institution bearing upon work for boys are
here grouped together. They form an excellent course for preparation for
the boys' secretaryship and physical directorship. Many of the leaders in
this work are among the School's recent alumni. The library is equipped
with the most up-to-date discussions of work for boys. The special courses
bearing upon boys' work are as follows : —
(1) Boy Physiology and Psychology. Dr. Seerley.
(2) Physiology of Exercise for Boys. Dr. McCurdy.
(3) The Social Life of the Boy. Professor Burr.
(4) General Outline of Work for Boys (Lectures).
(5) Physical Work for Boys. Dr. McCurdy.
(6) Growth and Development of Boys. Dr. Hastings.
(7) Apparatus for Physical Work for Boys. Dr. McCurdy.
(8) Practical Work for Boys.
(1) Boy Physiology and Psychology. (Dr. Seerley.) This subject is
taught in connection with the general course in psychology, and can be
found in detail on page 36. It will be seen that attention is given under
genetic psychology to the study of the laws of mental development as they
appear in the boy and young man. The study of the human instincts
receives careful attention. In this connection the subject of personal purity
from the psychological standpoint is presented, also the influence of heredity,
degeneracy, and other important subjects.
The course in physiology, which is described in detail on page 40, con-
siders the laws of growth, and the conditions of the body at different
stages of its development.
(2) Physiology of Exercise for Boys. (Dr. McCurdy.) Instruction
is given on the effect of different types of exercise on the physique of the
growing boy. The heart rate, pulse characteristics, and blood pressure are
carefully studied. The respiration is carefully treated in its relation to the
different types of exercise. Various fatigue problems are considered in their
relation to the growth and exercise of the boy. (See page 55.)
(3) The Social Life of the Boy. (Professor Burr.)
(a) The social nature of the boy.
(b) The social organizations of boys. Gangs, teams, clubs, etc.
(c) Periods in the development of the social life of boys.
The hunting period : the time of the bow and arrow and Indian play.
The agricultural and pastoral period : time of especial interest in care of
plants and animals. The constructive period : the time when the passion
to make something shows itself. The competitive game stage : the time
when individuals play in groups, but without team play. The cooperative
period : the time for the team play — football, baseball, hockey, etc. The
altruistic period : the time when egoism is modified by altruism. Adoles-
(d) Practical suggestions as to the types of organization best fitted for
boys in these various stages.
(4) Methods. There is being a rapid development in methods of work
among boys. In order that students in this course, and all students pre-
paring for the secretaryship, may have the latest conception of the best
methods, arrangements have been made with a group of leaders in work
among boys to give lectures upon the most successful methods of work.
The school stands for the same ideal in boys' work as in work for men —
that the work of the Association is to advance the kingdom of God, and
that all the work must be carried on from the point of view of winning
boys and young men to accept Christ. Special attention will be given to
methods of helping boys in Christian living, in Bible study and in Christian
(5) Physical Work for Boys. (Dr. McCurdy.) The course consists
of instruction in the types of exercise best fitted for boys, and of normal
practice in leading in gymnastics and sports for boys. The mass class
work includes marching, free exercises, dumb bells, clubs and bar bells.
The work on the heavy apparatus includes only the hygienic work where
momentary support is required. The course in indoor games includes
team games like basket-ball and hoop ball. Instruction is given in the
various track and field sports, also in the different styles of swimming and
diving. Splendid facilities are offered for ice sports on the lake adjoining
the School, also on the School rink. Skating and ice sports are taught.
(6) Growth and Development of Boys. (Dr. Hastings.) An under-
standing of the physical boy is basal to the grasp of boy life as a whole.
Correct discrimination and adaptation are the key to success in dealing
with the problems of this formative period. Adaptation is conditioned
upon a knowledge of the underlying laws of growth and development.
These fundamental principles are to be studied along the following lines : —
(a) The Laws of Human Proportions, including a survey of the best
existing standards of growth and development, the discussion of periods of
retardation and acceleration of growth, and of the relative development of
height, weight, and other physical qualities.
(b) Mathematical methods employed in the construction of the an-
thropometric tables used to set forth these laws of growth and develop-
(c) The use of such tables in the graphical presentation of the develop-
ment of the individual and of his deviations from the norm of his age and
(d) The study of variable causes — heredity, exercise and environment,
which tend to produce divergence from typical development ; heredity, as
indicated by nationality and occupation of parents, and by diseases of near
relatives; exercise (regular work or play) ; environment, provided by play-
grounds (street, yard, woods, field, etc.) and by the location and hygienic
conditions of the home, and other environment as far as it affects growth
and development. (Secured through personal history blanks and through
(e) Physical Characteristics— physique, health, color, bodily defects,
sense defects, motor ability, etc. (Secured through personal history blanks
and through physical examinations.)
(f) Physical Examinations, including physical measurements and physi-
cal diagnosis. Especial attention will be given to the relative impor-
tance of measurements, their diagnostic and statistical value, the value of
strength tests as an index of vitality, the selection of a limited group of
measurements best adapted to boys' work, methods of taking special tests,
—eyesight, hearing, motor ability, etc., and to practical demonstration in
taking ordinary measurements accurately, with and without the removal
(g) Prescription of Exercise. The adaptation of a system of exercise
to the different periods of growth, as well as special adaptation to the
health, strength and peculiarities of the individual boy.
(h) Vitality, as indicated by various vital coefficients, as related to mus-
cular development and as promoted by environment and habits of life.
Relation to play.
(i) The Physical Basis of Mentality and Mental Efficiency.
(j) The Physical Basis of Morality. (See outline of full courses in
anthropometry, physical measurements, physical diagnosis, prescription of
exercise, and philosophy of exercise, page 57.)
(7) Apparatus for Physical Work for Boys. (Dr. McCurdy.) Lec-
tures and discussion of the historical aspects of the subject from the point
of view of preparatory schools, college settlements, boys' clubs, etc. ;
of the value of outdoor gymnasia and their construction ; of the equipment
of indoor gymnasia, athletic fields, bath and locker rooms, etc., for boys.
(See outline of full course on the organization of a physical department,
(8) Practical Work for Boys. A large number of the students are
doing practical, work for boys. Many of them have classes in the Sunday
school which they hold together during the week days by outings, athletic
and gymnastic games, and social gatherings. During the past summer,
three playgrounds and two swimming places were maintained in Spring-
field, and were manned by Training School students. These furnish an
admirable opportunity for experience with boys. In addition to these op-
portunities for doing work for boys, the students are fortunate in being
able to study an unusually successful work for boys in the local Associa-
tion, and also the work of the Springfield Boys' Club for working boys.
Requirements for Admission
(1) The School is open only to Christian young men, over eighteen
years of age, who have already shown ability in the direction of the work
for which they wish to prepare. Each applicant must be a member in good
standing of an evangelical church, and, if admitted, bring a certificate to
this effect, and unite and work with some church of his choice in this city
within the first term after his admission.
(2) Candidates for the Bachelor's degree in either the secretarial or the
physical course may be admitted on presentation of a certificate of some
approved high or preparatory school. Candidates without such certificates
may be admitted, if upon such examination as the president shall prescribe,
it appears that they have had an equivalent preparation.
(3) Candidates for a diploma in either the secretarial or the physical
course may be admitted, provided they satisfy the president that they are
qualified for the course which they wish to take.
For entrance to the secretarial course, students must have the equiva-
lent of a high school diploma in : —
(a) English, covering grammar, rhetoric and English literature.
(b) History, covering general, English, and United States history.
(c) Bookkeeping and commercial law.
For entrance to the physical course students must have the equivalent of
a high school diploma in : —
(a) English, covering grammar, rhetoric and English literature.
(b) History, covering general, English, and United States history.
(c) Mathematics, covering arithmetic, algebra, and geometry.
Students who cannot present satisfactory certificates for work elsewhere
will be required to pass examinations before entrance. Arrangements have
been made by the trustees to give instruction to students who may be defi-
cient in English, history, and mathematics. It is desirable, however, that
students deficient in all three of these branches should prepare elsewhere.
(4) College and technical school graduates may be given advanced
standing if the president finds upon examination that they have satisfac-
torily completed any subjects in the course for which they are registered.
(5) All men enter the institution on probation. They are admitted
as matriculated students only after they have satisfactorily completed one
(6) All students upon entering must pass a physical examination. Can-
didates for the physical course should do this before coming.
(7) Business experience is considered very desirable for men entering
the secretarial course.
(8) Admission should be applied for at least two weeks before the open-
ing of the school year (Wednesday afternoon, at four o'clock, September 26,
1906), and all students are expected to be present at the opening exercises.
(9) If at any time a student shows a lack of the prerequisites for suc-
cess, he will be dismissed.
(10) No one will be enrolled as a student unless he is taking two hours'
work daily. Persons desiring less work may be admitted as visitors, but
cannot be rated as students.
Estimate of Expenses for the School Year
The following table is based upon the experience of the past six years : —
00 to $105 00
Furnished room with light and heat ($1.50 per week),
Tuition ($75 per year— after September, 1907, $100
Text and note books,
fMembership in student Association,
Subscription to "Men,"
$298 50 $359 50
Senior trip, 16 00 16 00
Diploma, 3 00 3 00
An additional fee will be charged for boxing, fencing and wrestling.
Tuition is payable promptly in advance on the last Monday in September
and January, one half at each payment; room rent on last Monday in each
month. No reduction of rent will be made to a student who engages a
room and fails to appear at the specified time, nor to one who vacates his
room less than a month before the close of the School. Rent stops only
when the room is vacated and the key returned to the office. A deposit of
fifty cents will be required for each key.
Each student lodging in the dormitory will care for his own room,
which must be kept scrupulously clean. He will be expected to provide
*Students are advised not to purchase gymnasium or athletic suits before coming
to the School, as the School has regulation colors and suits which all are expected to
fStudents are expected to take out a membership in the Student Association, and
support its work. This ticket will admit them to the privileges of the city Associations.
sheets, pillow slips, towels and soap. Beds are all single ; pillows, 18 x 25
inches. Rooms are liable to inspection.
Sets consisting of four sheets, two pillow slips, four large linen towels,
and two large bath towels, all hemmed, can be furnished by the School for
$4.00, if ordered in advance.
Recitations, Practice, and Examinations
Each student is expected to have at least three forty-five minute class-
room exercises each day during five days of the week; also at least two
hours' daily practice, according to the year and department, in gymnastics,
athletics, laboratory work, or practical work in the Young Men's Christian
There is no school from Saturday noon until Monday noon.
A Junior or Middler shall be eligible for promotion only after passing
satisfactorily in every branch prescribed for the year covered, and upon
approval of the president. Students who for any cause fail to pass the
regular tests, or for any other reason require special examinations, will be
charged a fee of fifty cents for each examination. A certificate that the
fee has been paid must be received from the registrar before the ex-
amination will be given by the instructor.
A Senior will be recommended by the faculty to the trustees for grad-
uation only after passing satisfactorily in every branch of the course. Two
typewritten copies of each thesis, paper and style of binding as prescribed
by the librarian, shall be deposited in the library of the Training School,
which reserves the right of publication.
Conditions imposed in any subject must be met during the following
term. If a student is conditioned for more than two terms in more than
two subjects, he will lose standing as a regular student, and can only be
ranked as a special student.
All students are expected to be subscribers to "Association Men," and
to be members in some Young Men's Christian Association in Springfield
Many of the students earn a portion of the expenses of the course
either during vacation or by securing work in the city. The institution can-
not undertake to find work for students in advance of their coming, but by
letters of introduction, information, and in other ways renders much assist-
ance to students with insufficient means. A small loan fund, however, has
enabled quite a number of students to complete their course. The income
from the Foss Fund of $1,000 is also available for this purpose. A number
find opportunity for work in connection with the buildings. Three or four
are given teaching as assistants in the gymnasium, and a number secure
positions in neighboring Associations. Candidates for admission who have
insufficient means are invited to correspond with the president.
Representation in Athletics
Men with conditions in more than two subjects which are one term
old shall not represent the School in any public exhibition. Special stu-
dents may not represent the School unless they are carrying successfully
ten hours of classroom work per week in addition to physical practice.
A special student shall not act as captain or president of any School
The Student Association
The Student Young Men's Christian Association was organized October
17, 1896. In 1905 the constitution was reconstructed. Through the Associa-
tion the students are trained in efficient organized effort. Its aim is: (1)
To promote Christian fellowship ; (2) to provide opportunity for Christian
work in the city and nearby towns ; (3) to control the athletic, social, and
other activities of the students. The membership fee is five dollars per
year, payable on or before October 1. The president of the Association
would be pleased to furnish prospective students with any further informa-
Officers (1905-06): President, Louis E. Day, '06; vice president, T. B.
Kirkpatrick, '07 ; treasurer, F. E. Seybolt, '06 ; secretary, W. L. Hawkes, '06.
Lee Literary Club
Since the organization of this club, January 8, 1901, much benefit has
come to the men who have been connected with it. Strong testimonies to
this effect have come in from the men who are now in their fields of labor.
The object of the club is the giving of opportunity for improvement in de-
bating, literary composition, and skill in parliamentary practice. For the
purpose of giving practice in presiding at meetings, the officers are elected
three times during the year. A prize debate is an annual feature of the
work. The club was named out of respect for Henry S. Lee, who for
many years was a staunch friend of the School. The room in which its
weekly meetings are held was furnished by him, and is the most attractive
in the building.
Officers : President, Frank J. Gray, '06 ; vice president, Harry H.
Hamilton, '06; secretary-treasurer, John W. Storey, '06; sergeant-at-arms,
Walter L. Hawkes, '06.
McKinley Literary Society
After five years of earnest effort on the part of its members, the McKinley
Society has attained a high grade of efficiency. It aims to develop in its
members those qualities most essential to the Association leader. Under the
direction of onr worthy critic, Professor Elmer Berry, success has been
achieved in the high and difficult art of extemporaneous speaking and de-
bating. In order that the strong may help the weak, the society has been
divided into teams of three men each, consisting of two upper class men
and one Junior, and in this way the older members take an interest in and
are helpful to the beginners. A banquet is held every year to familiarize
the men with after-dinner speaking. So urgent was the demand of appli-
cants for membership that the membership section of the constitution has
been changed from twenty to twenty-five, and now work is carried on with
a full membership. "Excellence" is the quality which is aspired to, and the
significant name of the society characterizes the work, which is of the
Officers : President, Appleton A. Mason, '06 ; vice president, J. H. Law-
son, '06; secretary, H. H. Reinhardt, '07; treasurer, B. B. Foster, '07; chap-
lain, T. B. Kirkpatrick, '07 ; sergeant-at-arms, W. F. Cobb, '06 ; critic,
Professor Elmer Berry.
The International Lyceum
The words friendship, opportunity, and International Lyceum go to-
gether. This society especially aims to help those in need of training in
public speaking. Its past history, beginning in 1902, has been bright.
Among other happenings, it was the victor in the inter-society debate of
1904. During the next year a prize silver cup debate was conducted among
its own members. Furthermore, the society has sent out strong men who
are now doing good service. But not only has our society a bright past,
but a bright present and future as well. Our debating room is more home-
like than ever before. We have a good spirit, and this is strengthened much
by our critic, Dr. Seerley. In him we have a strong personality, a life of
power and friendliness, and this is not the least of the benefits of the
society. Here, as our critic has said, we are taught how to put our life
into our words, also how to stir the emotions of others, thus changing
their lives and thinking. It should be noted that by the election of officers
each term each member is given the chance to hold office.
Officers: President, R. D. Tucker, '06; vice president, R. G. Roberts, '07;
treasurer, J. H. Greenwood, '07; secretary, A. W. Hendrian, '07; chaplain,
H. H. Prentice, '08.
To maintain the School's work on its present plane of efficiency, a
yearly income of $26,000, aside from tuition fees and room rentals, is re-
quired. Inquiries concerning the finances will receive prompt attention if
addressed to L. L. Doggett, President, and remittances may be macle pay-
able to his order, or to H. H. Bowman, Treasurer.
The Training School has a partial endowment fund of $80,000, which
has been contributed by friends of the institution during the past few
Bequest for Endowment
I give and bequeath to the International Young Men's Christian Asso-
ciation Training School, Springfield, Mass., the sum of
to be safely invested by them and called the
Fund. The interest of this fund to be applied to the use of the School.
Perpetual Loan Fund
For the purpose of founding a perpetual loan fund in the International
Young Men's Christian Association Training School, Springfield, Mass.
[or any of its departments, if so stated], I hereby give the sum of five
thousand dollars — or its equivalent in good securities at cash value — to be
safely invested by them, the income to be loaned toward the education of
students who have already shown ability in the School.
THE YOUNG MAN
IS the one who in spirit, mind and body is symmetrical.
Our store appeals more strongly to the man of this type
than any other mercantile establishment in western New
England. Here you can feed your minds, and ^spend your time
and your money in a way that satisfies.
WE CAN SATISFY YOU
with choice BOOKS, fine STATIONERY, the
best PICTURES, and many other things that
appeal to the young man three square
HENRY R. JOHNSON
BOOKS * * PICTURES * ¥ STATIONERY
3 1 3-3 1 5 Main Street, Springfield, Massachusetts
GYM N AS I U JW
FM ay ground Apparatus
Write for Catalogs. PROVIDFNCR, P. I. T I J. S. A.
HOMER FOOT & CO.
INCORPORATED ESTABLISHED 1831
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TOOLS, FINE CUTLERY, SHEARS "AND RAZORS
PHILADELPHIA LAWN MOWERS, All Grades
ORANGE LAWN MOWERS, High Grade
RAZOR BLADE LAWN MOWERS, Low Price
139 STATE SL : SPRINGFIELD, MASS*
EXPERTS AGREE That
Barney & Berry
Stand First in Quality, Style and Finish
Association men wisely devote quite a bit of time to ice skating for health
and recreation, and we can increase the pleasure to a considerable degree
for any who are not already wearing a BARNEY & BERRY skate.
Hockey Players will be interested in our
CATALOG FREE, SHOWING ALL KINDS FOR ALL PURPOSES
BARNEY & BERRY 100 Broad st. SPRINGFIELD, MASS., U. S, A.
RECENTLY ADDED, 25,000 NEW WORDS AND PHRASES
New Gazetteer of the World. 2380 Quarto Pages. New Biographical Dictionary.
Editor in Chief, W. T. HARRIS, Ph.D., LL.D., U. S. Com. of Education.
Chief Justice FULLER, U. S. Supreme Court, says: I regard the International as of
the utmost value in accuracy of definition, and have found it in all respects complete
Also WEBSTER'S COLLEGIATE, DICTIONARY
Latest and Largest Abridgment of the INTERNATIONAL
Two Attractive Editions
FREE, " Dictionary Wrinkles." Also illustrated pamphlets.
G.6C. MLRRIAM CO., Springfield, Mass., U.S.A.
GET THE BEST
E. L. HILDRETH & CO
A good place to get your printing done as
you want it, when you want it,
at reasonable prices.
C. ROGERS & CO., Opticians
445 MAIN STREET : : SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
H.RICHARDS SUITS and overcoats
Merchant Tailor From $20 - 00 Upwards
790 State Street
W. N. WINANS, Manager Established 1871
WILLIAM R. WINN
Manufacturer of EBONY HARNESS SOAP and
DRESSING, RUN EASY AXLE GREASE,
METAL POLISH and HOOF DRESSING
Seed, Animal, Fish and Lubricating Oils, Greases and Lubricants, Paints, Varnishes and
Japans, Mechanical Rubber Goods, Packing and Engineers' Supplies
51 and 53 Lyman Street : SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
Telephone Call, 489-3
Carter Electric Company Supplies
OFFICE AND SALESROOM
229 Main Street, Springfield, Mass*
ELECTRIC CONSTRUCTION REPAIR WORK
GAS FIXTURES, ELECTRIC FIXTURES, SHADES
J. G. ROY, 907 Armory St., Springfield, Mass.
OVILA RIVEST, 147 Hampden St., Chicopee, Mass.
J. G. ROY & CO.
Contractors and Builders
ESTIMATES GIVEN ON ALL CLASSES OF BUILD-
INGS. JOBBING PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO.
907 ARMORY STREET, CORNER SILVER, SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
Our screens are all made to order, and our specialty is
screening good buildings. Please write us for prices
before you order.
A. E. FISH & COMPANY
KEENE, NEW HAMPSHIRE
AUSTIN J. PRATT
792 state Stree, Plumbing, Heating
Winchester Park ~
SPRINGFIELD, MASS. ^ S * Ittm S
Telephone Wdsbach Burners and
GAS FIXTURES, BURNERS AND APPLIANCES OF ALL KINDS
THE only Lock which will always respond to
the combination if oiled, wet or full of dirt.
The only Lock provided with a Safety Es-
cutcheon. In fact, the only Lock suitable for
wood or steel lockers and other doors through the
MILLER KEYLESS LOCK CO.
Read What People Have to Say Who Have Used Them.
International Young Men's Christian Association
Training School, Springfield, Mass.
J. B Miller, Kent, Ohio
106, SET 80S
Dear Sir: The Miller Keyless Lock is the best Combination Lock
for school buildings and clubhouse we have been able to find. It
combines durability and simplicity.
Sincerely, J. F. SIMONS
The Young Men's Christian Association
Dear Mr. Miller:
I have the opportunity of examin-
ing every lock that is exploited for locker pur-
poses. If I ever find one that is better than the
"Miller Keyless" we shall have it. However, it
has never yet appeared.
We are now using about 2000 "Miller's," half
of which have been in constant service for twelve
years. This lock meets every demand made upon
it, and, compared with other locks, is perfect.
W. H. KINNICUTT, Physical Director,
Cleveland Young Men's Christian Association
Yale University Gymnasium
New Haven. Conn., March 11, 1904
Mr. J. B. Millet-
Dear Sir: We have used the Miller Keyless Lock
in the Yale Gymnasium for ten years. They are
in good condition and give entire satisfaction. I
used key locks a decade before coming to Yale. I
do not want to be bothered with them again. The
Keyless lock is superior and more economical. It
has my strong endorsement.
Very truly yours,
W. G. ANDERSON, Associate Director
T. D. POTTER, President
EDWIN BRADLEY, Treasurer
HAMPDEN LUMBER CO.
LUMBER MERCHANTS AND
GENERAL WOOD WORKERS
Manufacturers of and Dealers in
STAIR WORK, MOLDINGS, DOORS, SASH
850 STATE ST.
[ N laundry work the best and poorest
* cost the same. You can get the best
AND IT COSTS NO AjlORE TO HAVE IT
870 STATE STREET
IT 'S the scientific simplicity as much as
the correctness of design that has
made a reputation for
There is no delicate machinery in its con-
struction. It is built so it can be handled
by children without being easily broken.
That is one reason why it is sought by the
majority of large gymnasiums. Another
reason is that Mr. Fred Medart's forty-
five years of active gymnasium experience
is conspicuously embodied in every article we manufacture.
Our Catalog Covers a Full Line of Gymnasium,
Playground and Athletic Supplies.
FRED MEDART, 3535 De Kalb Street, St, Louis, Mo.
WYCKOFF & LLOYD CO.
THE PHILLIPS MFG. CO.
Contractors for STEAM AND HOT
WATER HEATING AND
STEAM AND GAS FITTERS' AND PLUMBERS' MATERIALS
AND MILL SUPPLIES. MILL WORK.
R. T. WYCKOFF, President H. W. LLOYD, Treasurer
35 and 37 Lyman Street, SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
JAS. McKINNON & CO. : Photo
U OY ~ W * Q 4 Makers of HALF TONE AND LINE
JLllgrdVCri ♦ PLATES OF HIGHEST QUALITY,
DRAWING, DESIGNING, ETC.
JAMES McKINNON EDW. A. KRAUS
President Secretary and Treasurer
Dwight, Corner Worthmgton Street, SPRINGFIELD, MASS,
E L BOSWORTH
Class Pictures a Specialty View Work of Every Description
STUDIO: 380 MAIN STREET, SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
F. F. SMALL & CO.
Fire and Liability Insurance
14 FORT STREET, SPRINGFIELD, MASS.
HARTFORD OFFICE, % FEARL STREET .
BUYING DRUG STORE GOODS
When you come to Wheeler's for any Drug Store article, it is
distinctly understood that in case your purchase does not fulfil
our promises you may return it, and WE WILL BUY IT BACK
AT FULL PRICE. No argument, no unpleasantness, no delay —
your money is yours immediately upon request.
WHEELER'S DRUG STORE
" THE BUY-BACK DRUG STORE " : : : 802 STATE STREET 'Phone 523
Furnishings for Men
FOR ALL OCCASIONS
WHITE DRESS SHIRTS, FANCY SHIRTS,
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WITH A COMPLETE INDEX
For the use Primarily of Physical Directors
and others engaged in the Study or
Practice of this Subject
SECOND EDITION, REVISED AND ENLARGED
By J. H. McCurdy, M. D., and J. T. Bowne.
PRICE 50 CENTS.
Library International Y. M. C. A. Training School
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